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Physiological roles for PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) appear varied, but remain to be clarified. The peptide is present in large amounts in milk, and PTHrP mRNA has been shown to be present in high amounts in lactating mammary gland. Because PTHrP can cause smooth muscle relaxation, we hypothesized that the peptide might affect the contractility of the breast(More)
It is now well accepted that at least some serotonin receptors exist in dimeric and oligmeric forms. The linking of receptor ligands has been shown to have potential in the development of selective agonists and antagonists for traditionally refractive receptors. Here we report the development of a dimeric version of the known 5-HT(2A)R antagonist, M-100907.(More)
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) provide innervation to cortical and subcortical regions of the brain. To solidify the importance of these VTA GABA neurons in behavioral function, we employed the neurotoxin dermorphin-saporin (DS) to selectively lesion VTA GABA neurons prior to assessing spontaneous motor activity.(More)
This study investigated estradiol (E(2)) modulation of the antidepressant effects of a selective serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitor (SSRI; sertraline) and a tricyclic antidepressant (imipramine) as measured by the forced swim test (FST) followed by assessment of gene and protein expression for the 5-HT transporter (SERT) and multiple 5-HT receptors. Female(More)
Fibroblast-like rat marrow stromal cell (CFU-F) cultures have been characterized in terms of their responsiveness to calciotropic hormones, metal ions, the nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug, and by their putative paracrine role in the maintenance of active populations of osteoblasts at the marrow-bone interface. These studies indicate that CFU-Fs lack a(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to determine whether the genes for both parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) and its receptor were expressed in close proximity to one another in various regions of the gut and whether they both were evident in two intestinal epithelial cell lines. The findings would test the idea that PTHrP acts as an autocrine or(More)
Although radioligand binding studies have shown that the serotonin 5-HT(2C) receptor (5-HT(2C)R) is widely expressed throughout the brain, more detailed knowledge of 5-HT(2C)R distribution within different neuronal populations will aid in understanding the mechanisms through which this receptor acts. Double-label immunohistochemical procedures can be(More)
The serotonin 2C receptor (5-HT(2C)R) plays a significant role in psychiatric disorders (e.g., depression) and is a target for pharmacotherapy. The 5-HT(2C)R is widely expressed in brain and spinal cord and is the only G-protein coupled receptor currently known to undergo mRNA editing, a post-transcriptional modification that results in translation of(More)
The previously advanced hypothesis that desiccation resistance involves the replacement of water adjacent to intracellular surfaces with polyhydroxy compounds has been supported by experiments on cysts of the brine shrimp, Artemia, and in a model system of albumin--glycerol--water, using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, microwave dielectrics, and(More)
A well differentiated human hepatoma cell line (Hep G2) was used to explore potential roles for PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) as an autocrine/paracrine growth factor. Using Northern analysis or reverse transcription-PCR, Hep G2 cells were found to express messenger RNAs for both PTHrP and the cloned PTH/PTHrP receptor, and the cells exhibited specific binding(More)