Patricia Joseph-Bravo

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The activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis is rapidly adjusted by energy balance alterations. Glucocorticoids can interfere with this activity, although the timing of this interaction is unknown. In vitro studies indicate that, albeit incubation with either glucocorticoid receptor (GR) agonists or protein kinase A (PKA) activators(More)
The biosynthesis of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is subject to neural and hormonal regulations. To identify some of the potential effectors of this modulation, we incubated hypothalamic dispersed cells with dexamethasone for short periods of time (1-3 h) and studied the interaction of this hormone(More)
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is released from the median eminence upon neural stimulation such as cold or suckling exposure. Concomitant with the cold- or suckling-induced release of TRH is a rapid and transient increase in the expression of proTRH mRNA in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus. We employed two strategies to determine(More)
In the present work we studied the pattern of degradation of [3H-Pro]-TRH by soluble and membrane fractions from rat brain. Demonstration of the membrane bound or soluble nature of the activities was obtained by comparing their distribution to that of lactate dehydrogenase and by looking at the effect of NaCl washes on the membrane fractions. We observed(More)
TRH neurons of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN), regulate pituitary-thyroid axis (HPT). Fasting activates expression of orexigenic peptides from the arcuate nucleus, increases corticosterone while reduces leptin, and pro-TRH mRNA levels despite low serum thyroid hormone concentration (tertiary hypothyroidism). TRH synthesis is positively(More)
Hypothalamic proTRH mRNA levels are rapidly increased (at 1 h) in vivo by cold exposure or suckling, and in vitro by 8Br-cAMP or glucocorticoids. The aim of this work was to study whether these effects occurred at the transcriptional level. Hypothalamic cells transfected with rat TRH promoter (-776/+85) linked to the luciferase reporter showed increased(More)
In the adenohypophysis, thyrotrophin-releasing hormone (TRH) is inactivated by pyroglutamyl peptidase II (PPII), a TRH-specific ectoenzyme localized in lactotrophs. TRH slowly downregulates surface PPII activity in adenohypophyseal cell cultures. Protein kinase C (PKC) activation mimics this effect. We tested the hypothesis that other hypothalamic factors(More)
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is inactivated by a narrow specificity ectopeptidase, pyroglutamyl aminopeptidase II (PPII), in the proximity of target cells. In adenohypophysis, PPII is present on lactotrophs. Its activity is regulated by thyroid hormones and 17beta-estradiol. Studies with female rat adenohypophyseal cell cultures treated with(More)
The in vitro release of TRH from hypothalamic fragments or purified nerve endings (synaptosomes) has been evaluated after incubation for 10 min in the presence of various concentrations of K+ or neurotransmitters. Release of the hormone from fragments but not from synaptosomes was enhanced in the presence of 56 mM K+ in a Ca++ -dependent manner.(More)
Glucocorticoids and corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) are key regulators of stress responses. Different types of stress activate the CRH system; in hypothalamus, CRH expression and release are increased by physical or psychological stressors while in amygdala, preferentially by psychological stress. Learning and memory processes are modulated by(More)