Patricia Joan Smythe

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We investigated the importance of glucagon in the development of diabetic ketoacidosis by withholding insulin from six patients with juvenile-type diabetes and four totally pancreatectomized subjects. Patients were fasting and had previously been maintained on intravenous insulin for 24 hours. In diabetic patients plasma glucagon concentrations rose sharply(More)
Seven healthy male volunteers had their light sensitivity (melatonin suppression) and melatonin phase measured before and after treatment with temazepam (20 mg) for 7 days. Temazepam did not alter the circadian phase of melatonin secretion (the Dim Light Melatonin Onset, the timing of the peak of secretion), the total melatonin secretion nor the sensitivity(More)
Urine from 348 patients of a hospital for the mentally handicapped in Wessex was screened for abnormalities of aminoacid and mucopolysaccharide excretion. Persistent aminoacid abnormalities were found in 16 patients: two had phenylketonuria and one a severe variant form of hyperphenylalaninaemia (dihydropteridine reductase deficiency). In at least nine of(More)
We describe enzymic fluorometric methods of automated analysis for glucose, lactate, pyruvate, 3-hydroxybutyrate, glycerol, and alanine in perchloric acid extracts of blood. Unmodified Technicon AutoAnalyzer II apparatus is used. The usual concentrations of all these metabolites can be measured in as little as 0.1 ml of blood from a fasting subject.(More)
Prostaglandins E2, F2 alpha, 6 oxo F1 alpha and thromboxane B2 increased in cisternal CSF following mock subarachnoid haemorrhage in dogs, particularly PGE2 (X25.5). Concentrations were increased also in lumbar CSF of five patients some 8 days after subarachnoid haemorrhage. Subarachnoid haemorrhage did not alter the production of prostaglandins by dog(More)
The calcium antagonist nimodipine blocks the effects of many vasoconstrictors of cerebrovascular smooth muscle and may reduce the incidence of delayed cerebral ischaemia following subarachnoid haemorrhage though not necessarily by inhibiting the development of angiographic cerebral vasospasm. Post-haemorrhagic CSF contains abnormally large quantities of(More)
Cisternal and lumbar cerebrospinal fluid obtained some days following a subarachnoid haemorrhage contains abnormally large quantities of various prostanoids; some may be partly the result of abnormal production by the cerebral arteries. The extra-arterial and intra-arterial production of 6 oxo PGF1 alpha (prostacyclin metabolite), PGE2, PGF2 alpha and TXB2(More)
Concentrations of several metabolites in deproteinized blood and plasma were determined in 100 subjects after an overnight fast, to establish reference ranges. Blood glycerol, nonesterified fatty acids, and ketone body concentrations and the 3-hydroxybutyrate/acetoacetate ratio increased with age while blood alanine concentrations delined. Serum insulin and(More)
The role of glucagon has been evaluated in the everyday regulation of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in insulin-dependent diabetic patients. Plasma concentrations of glucagon, growth hormone, cortisol, glucose, and free fatty acids and blood concentrations of glycerol, 3-hydroxybutyrate, acetoacetate, alanine, pyruvate, and lactate were measured in 38(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to investigate the secretion profile of melatonin and seasonal affective disorder before and after treatment with fluoxetine. METHOD A six-week case-controlled study with repeated overnight blood sampling was conducted. Ten patients fulfilling the criteria for major depressive disorder, seasonal type, with a 29-item Hamilton(More)