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Known agonists of the orphan receptor GPR35 are kynurenic acid, zaprinast, 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylproplyamino) benzoic acid, and lysophosphatidic acids. Their relatively low affinities for GPR35 and prominent off-target effects at other pathways, however, diminish their utility for understanding GPR35 signaling and for identifying potential therapeutic uses of(More)
Pregnenolone is considered the inactive precursor of all steroid hormones, and its potential functional effects have been largely uninvestigated. The administration of the main active principle of Cannabis sativa (marijuana), Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), substantially increases the synthesis of pregnenolone in the brain via activation of the type-1(More)
It has been reported that WIN55212-2, a prototypic aminoalkylindole, has higher affinity for CB(2) than for CB(1). To explain the selectivity of WIN55212-2 for CB(2), molecular modeling studies were performed to probe the interacting sites between WIN55212-2 and cannabinoid receptors. In TMH5 the position 5.46 is a Phe in CB(2) versus a Val in CB(1).(More)
In superior cervical ganglion neurons, N-(piperidiny-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide (SR141716A) competitively antagonizes the Ca(2+) current effect of the cannabinoid (CB) agonist (R)-(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-(4-morpholinylmethyl)pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl]-1-naphthalenylmethanone(More)
Marijuana is the most widely abused illegal drug, and its spectrum of effects suggests that several receptors are responsible for the activity. Two cannabinoid receptor subtypes, CB1 and CB2, have been identified, but the complex pharmacological properties of exogenous cannabinoids and endocannabinoids are not fully explained by their signaling. The orphan(More)
A series of 1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl-(1-naphthyl)methanes (9-11) and 2-methyl-1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl-(1-naphthyl)methanes (12-14) have been synthesized to investigate the hypothesis that cannabimimetic 3-(1-naphthoyl)indoles interact with the CB(1) receptor by hydrogen bonding to the carbonyl group. Indoles 9-11 have significant (K(i)=17-23nM) receptor(More)
The human cannabinoid receptors, central cannabinoid receptor (CB1) and peripheral cannabinoid receptor (CB2), share only 44% amino acid identity overall, yet most ligands do not discriminate between receptor subtypes. Site-directed mutagenesis was employed as a means of mapping the ligand recognition site for the human CB2 cannabinoid receptor. A lysine(More)
In this study, we applied a comprehensive G protein-coupled receptor-Gαi protein chemical cross-linking strategy to map the cannabinoid receptor subtype 2 (CB2)-Gαi interface and then used molecular dynamics simulations to explore the dynamics of complex formation. Three cross-link sites were identified using LC-MS/MS and electrospray ionization-MS/MS as(More)
In this paper, it is hypothesized that the distinction between certain active and inactive cannabinoids is that the inactive analogs possess extra volume associated with their carbocyclic rings that may be responsible for an unfavorable interaction at the cannabinoid receptor. Using the active analog approach, a model is developed of a region of steric(More)
The main psychoactive component of marijuana, Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), acts in the CNS via type 1 cannabinoid receptors (CB1Rs). The behavioral consequences of THC or synthetic CB1R agonists include suppression of motor activity. One explanation for movement suppression might be inhibition of striatal dopamine (DA) release by CB1Rs, which are(More)