Patricia Gavín

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The role of European wild ungulates in the epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) is still under discussion. This study describes the geographical distribution and molecular typing of 77 Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates belonging either to M. bovis or to M. caprae, cultivated from hunter harvested red deer (Cervus elaphus) and European wild boar (Sus(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate changes in the molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) in Zaragoza, Spain, over a decade that has seen large social and health changes, including the attenuation of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic and increased immigration. DESIGN A population-based molecular study was conducted using standard restriction fragment(More)
The proportion of recurrent tuberculosis (TB) cases caused by re-infection has varied widely in previous studies. The aim of the present study was to determine the relative frequency of relapse and exogenous re-infection in patients with second episodes of TB, using DNA fingerprinting. A population-based retrospective longitudinal descriptive study was(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the GenoType MTBDRsl assay (Hain Lifescience GmbH, Nehren, Germany) for its ability to detect resistance to fluoroquinolones (FLQ), injectable second-line antibiotics [kanamycin (KM) and capreomycin (CM)], and ethambutol (EMB) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical strains and directly in clinical samples. A total(More)
The epidemiology of subclinical salmonellosis in wild birds in a region of high Salmonella prevalence in pigs was studied. Three hundred and seventy-nine faecal samples from 921 birds trapped in 31 locations nearby pig premises, and 431 samples from 581 birds of 10 natural settings far from pig farms were analysed for the presence of Salmonella spp.(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate a pyrosequencing method for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates resistant to rifampin and isoniazid using both clinical strains and clinical samples, comparing the results with those of the Bactec 460TB and GenoType MTBDRplus assays. In comparison to Bactec 460TB as the gold standard, the sensitivity of(More)
The data presented here span 11 years (1998-2008) of monitoring of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) clustering through molecular typing techniques in Spain. The molecular and epidemiological data of 480 multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates were analyzed. Thirty-one clusters involving 157 (32.7%) patients were identified.(More)
The development of a rapid test to identify Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing isolates and specifically strain GC1237, coming from a sub-Saharan country, is needed due to its alarming wide spread on Gran Canaria Island (Spain). A rapid test that detects IS6110 present between dnaA and dnaN in the Beijing strains and in a specific site for GC1237 (Rv2180c)(More)
Hundreds of impact craters on Mars contain diverse phyllosilicates, interpreted as excavation products of preexisting subsurface deposits following impact and crater formation. This has been used to argue that the conditions conducive to phyllosilicate synthesis, which require the presence of abundant and long-lasting liquid water, were only met early in(More)
Multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain diversity in Ibero-America was examined by comparing extant genotype collections in national or state tuberculosis networks. To this end, genotypes from over 1000 patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis diagnosed from 2004 through 2008 in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela and Spain(More)