Patricia Gallagher

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Age-related baroreflex reductions in function may originate from central neural dysregulation as well as vascular structural/functional changes. We determined the role of 2 angiotensin (Ang) peptides at the nucleus tractus solitarii in age-related baroreflex impairment. Baroreflex sensitivity control of heart rate in response to increases in blood pressure(More)
Circulating leptin is elevated in some forms of obesity-related hypertension, associated with impaired baroreflex function. Leptin receptors are present on vagal afferent fibers and neurons within the solitary tract nucleus, providing an anatomic distribution consistent with baroreflex modulation. Although solitary tract nucleus microinjection of 144(More)
The present study was designed to determine whether estrogen modulates the angiotensin processing enzymes in membrane homogenates obtained from uterus and kidney cortex and medulla of Sprague-Dawley (SD) and heterozygous (mRen2)27-transgenic hypertensive (Tg(+)) female rats treated with or without 17beta-estradiol (E2). We evaluated estrogen's influence on(More)
The influence of estrogen on the regulation of cardiovascular function remains a controversial and complex area of investigation. We assessed the effects of estrogen depletion in the congenic mRen(2). Lewis rat, established from the back-cross of the original (mRen2)-27 transgenic onto the Lewis inbred strain. Ovariectomy of heterozygous mRen(2). Lewis at 4(More)
Estrogen replacement therapy is cardioprotective in postmenopausal women; however, the precise molecular mechanisms for this modulation are not fully elucidated. We previously showed that chronic estrogen replacement therapy reduced angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity in tissue extracts and serum with an associated reduction in plasma angiotensin(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) has emerged as a novel regulator of cardiac function and arterial pressure by converting angiotensin II (Ang II) into the vasodilator and antitrophic heptapeptide, angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)]. As the only known human homolog of ACE, the demonstration that ACE2 is insensitive to blockade by ACE inhibitors(More)
Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] is an endogenous peptide of the renin-angiotensin system with vasodilator and antiproliferative properties. Our previous studies showed that Ang-(1-7) reduced serum-stimulated growth of human lung cancer cells in vitro through activation of a unique AT((1-7)) receptor. The current study investigates the effect of Ang-(1-7) on(More)
Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] is an endogenous peptide hormone of the renin-angiotensin system with vasodilator and anti-proliferative properties. Human adenocarcinoma SK-LU-1 and A549 cells as well as non-small lung cancer SK-MES-1 cells were treated with serum in the presence and absence of Ang-(1-7), to determine whether Ang-(1-7) inhibits the growth of(More)
1. The present review provides an update on evidence of the neurotransmitter pathways and location of receptors within the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) mediating the baroreflex and other haemodynamic actions of angiotensin (Ang) II. 2. A series of studies suggests a significant role for substance P in the acute cardiovascular and carotid sinus(More)
Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] is an endogenous seven-amino acid peptide hormone with antiproliferative properties. Our previous studies showed that Ang-(1-7) inhibits the growth of human lung cancer cells in vitro and reduces the size of human lung tumor xenografts in vivo. In the current study, s.c. injection of Ang-(1-7) not only caused a significant(More)