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Starting in the late 1980s, many Latin American countries began social sector reforms to alleviate poverty, reduce socioeconomic inequalities, improve health outcomes, and provide financial risk protection. In particular, starting in the 1990s, reforms aimed at strengthening health systems to reduce inequalities in health access and outcomes focused on(More)
Latin America continues to segregate different social groups into separate health-system segments, including two separate public sector blocks: a well resourced social security for salaried workers and their families and a Ministry of Health serving poor and vulnerable people with low standards of quality and needing a frequently impoverishing payment at(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess universal health coverage for adults aged 50 years or older with chronic illness in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, the Russian Federation and South Africa. METHODS We obtained data on 16,631 participants aged 50 years or older who had at least one diagnosed chronic condition from the World Health Organization Study on Global Ageing and(More)
The efflux of endogenous glutamate from thin slices of rat brain cortex superfused in vitro with artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF) was studied. Initially, glutamate efflux was very high (2.5 nmol/mg protein/min), possibly because of the cutting procedure, but declined sharply, and at 30 min of superfusion was 25 pmol/mg protein/min. In ACSF without(More)
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