Patricia Frenz

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Starting in the late 1980s, many Latin American countries began social sector reforms to alleviate poverty, reduce socioeconomic inequalities, improve health outcomes, and provide financial risk protection. In particular, starting in the 1990s, reforms aimed at strengthening health systems to reduce inequalities in health access and outcomes focused on(More)
Latin America continues to segregate different social groups into separate health-system segments, including two separate public sector blocks: a well resourced social security for salaried workers and their families and a Ministry of Health serving poor and vulnerable people with low standards of quality and needing a frequently impoverishing payment at(More)
BACKGROUND Home care has become popular in the management of hemato-oncologic patients. Therefore, we conducted a prospective study to assess whether tap water from the domestic environment of neutropenic patients poses a risk for infections from the waterborne pathogens nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), Legionella spp., and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. (More)
BACKGROUND The Chilean health reform aimed to expand universal health coverage (UHC) with equity. AIM To analyze progress in health system affiliation, attended health needs (health visit for a recent problem) and direct payment for services, between 2000 and 2011. MATERIAL AND METHODS We evaluated these outcomes for adults aged 20 years or older,(More)
The efflux of endogenous glutamate from thin slices of rat brain cortex superfused in vitro with artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF) was studied. Initially, glutamate efflux was very high (2.5 nmol/mg protein/min), possibly because of the cutting procedure, but declined sharply, and at 30 min of superfusion was 25 pmol/mg protein/min. In ACSF without(More)
Chile's 'health guarantees' approach to providing universal and equitable coverage for quality healthcare in a dual public-private health system has generated global interest. The programme, called AUGE, defines legally enforceable rights to explicit healthcare benefits for priority health conditions, which incrementally covered 56 problems representing 75%(More)
Underpinning the global commitment to universal health coverage (UHC) is the fundamental role of health for well-being and sustainable development. UHC is proposed as an umbrella health goal in the post-2015 sustainable development agenda because it implies universal and equitable effective delivery of comprehensive health services by a strong health(More)
UNLABELLED In 2005, Chile implemented a universal system of health guarantees (AUGE) aimed at improving equitable access to quality medical care for priority health conditions, including acute myocardial infarction (MI). OBJECTIVE To evaluate 1-year survival in MI patients before and after AUGE. METHODS Retrospective cohorts of patients with MI (with(More)
BACKGROUND Lactating children are specially susceptible to lead toxicity due to their underdeveloped nervous system, lower body mass, higher intestinal absorption and lower elimination rates. AIM To determine the effects of lead exposure, comparing Chilean lactating children residing in rural areas with low lead exposure, and in urban areas with high lead(More)