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To determine the respective role played by orexin/hypocretin and histamine (HA) neurons in maintaining wakefulness (W), we characterized the behavioral and sleep-wake phenotypes of orexin (Ox) knock-out (-/-) mice and compared them with those of histidine-decarboxylase (HDC, HA-synthesizing enzyme)-/- mice. While both mouse strains displayed sleep(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the possibility that infants sleeping in the prone position have higher arousal thresholds to auditory challenges than when sleeping in the supine position. STUDY DESIGN Polygraphic recordings were performed for 1 night in 25 healthy infants with a median age of 9 weeks. The infants were exposed to white noises of increasing(More)
To determine the influence of maternal smoking on autonomic nervous system in healthy infants, 36 infants were recorded polygraphically for one night. Their mothers were defined, according to their smoking frequency during pregnancy, as "nonsmokers" (no cigarettes smoked during pregnancy) or "smokers" (10 or more cigarettes per day). The infants had a(More)
Because the collection of normative sleep data in the pediatric age group largely depends on technical issues, this article discusses various aspects of sleep recordings in infants and children. Polygraphic monitoring of sleep and waking behavior contributes to a better description of maturational stages in children, from the prenatal period to the end of(More)
Since the reduction in the incidence of the prone sleeping position, maternal cigarette smoking has become the strongest modifiable risk factor for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). This risk is dose dependent. Various mechanisms have been postulated to explain the increased risk of SIDS associated with maternal smoking, among these, impairment of(More)
To determine the influence of sleep stages and night-time distribution on cardiac autonomic activity, the polysomnographic recordings of 18 victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and of 36 control infants were studied. Autoregressive spectral analyses of heart rate (HR), using both short-term and whole-night methods, were evaluated as a function of(More)
PURPOSE Some preterm infants in general good health continue to present recurrent apnoeas, bradycardias and desaturations (ABD) despite usual treatments. These events may lead to transitory brain hypoxia and to further neurological injury. The purpose of this study has been to evaluate the role of laryngeal oedema in this symptomatology and to assess(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of ambient temperature on infant's sleep and cardiorespiratory parameters during sleep. PATIENTS AND METHOD 20 healthy infants with a median age of 11.5 weeks (range 7 to 18 weeks) were recorded polygraphically for one night. They were exposed to 3 different ambient temperatures (20 degrees C-25 degrees C-30 degrees C).(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Histamine H3 receptor antagonists are currently being evaluated in clinical trials for a number of central nervous system disorders including narcolepsy. These agents can increase wakefulness (W) in cats and rodents following acute administration, but their effects after repeat dosing have not been reported previously. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
Infants who became victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) aroused less from sleep than control infants. This study was conducted to determine the characteristics of arousal from sleep of infants who eventually died of SIDS. Sixteen infants were monitored some days or weeks before they died of SIDS. Their polygraphic sleep recordings were compared(More)