Patricia Ferrero

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An endogenous brain neuropeptide with 104 amino acid residues that modulates gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor function was termed DBI because it displaces diazepam from its specific brain binding sites. Tryptic digestion of DBI generates an octadecaneuropeptide (ODN) that is more potent than the parent compound in the displacement of specifically bound(More)
Diazepam-binding inhibitor is a novel peptide purified to homogeneity from rat and human brain. Diazepam-binding inhibitor is present, though not exclusively, in gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-containing neurons where it is believed to inhibit GABAergic neurotransmission mediated by GABA by binding to the benzodiazepine-GABA receptor complex. Since an(More)
An octadecaneuropeptide (ODN) produced by the tryptic digestion of DBI was purified and sequenced and its activity on the Vogel test determined. In vitro ODN displaces 3H-diazepam from specific brain recognition sites and injected intraventricularly in thirsty rats facilitates the onset of behavioral inhibition elicited by punishment. The alpha-amide(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors were characterized in vivo by studying ex vivo the binding of [3H]muscimol to cerebellum, cortex, hippocampus, and corpus striatum of mice receiving intravenous injections of tracer doses of high-specific-activity (approximately equal to 30 Ci/mmol) [3H]muscimol. This ligand binds with high affinity (apparent Kd, 2-3(More)
Long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are associated with type Ic supernovae that are more luminous than average and that eject material at very high velocities. Less-luminous supernovae were not hitherto known to be associated with GRBs, and therefore GRB-supernovae were thought to be rare events. Whether X-ray flashes--analogues of GRBs, but with lower(More)
An endogenous polypeptide of rat brain has been identified that is capable of displacing 1,4-benzodiazepines and the esters of the 3-carboxylic acid derivatives of beta-carbolines from their specific synaptic binding sites. This polypeptide was termed diazepam-binding inhibitor (DBI). Previous studies have shown that DBI injected intraventricularly in(More)
The content of authentic 3H-spiroperidol and of its metabolites was measured in brain regions of rat, guinea pig and mouse receiving tracer doses of 3H-spiroperidol intravenously (0.2 to 0.5 micrograms/kg). The time course of the 3H-spiroperidol content of various brain regions shows that a steady state was maintained between 2 and 6 hrs; the lowest(More)