Patricia F Waller

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BACKGROUND Several small studies have found a high automobile crash rate for drivers with Alzheimer disease (AD) compared with unaffected elderly drivers, prompting the suggestion that the diagnosis of AD mandate cessation of driving. OBJECTIVES To compare automobile crash and violation rates of a large number of patients with AD with appropriately(More)
Older drivers constitute the most rapidly growing segment of the driving population in number of drivers licensed, miles driven, and proportion of the driving population. Yet the highway transportation system has not been designed for these drivers. This lack of fit is reflected in the accelerating rate of crashes per mile driven experienced by older(More)
The number of older drivers in Sweden will be rapidly increasing during the next decades. A possible relationship exists between the increased relative crash risk of older drivers and the prevalence of age-related diseases such as dementia. However, a clear-cut policy for evaluating driving competence in demented persons is still lacking. In recognition of(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol-related injuries, particularly motor vehicle, are an important cause of adolescent mortality. School-based alcohol prevention programs have not been evaluated in terms of driving outcomes. This study examined the effects on subsequent driving of a high school-based alcohol prevention program. METHODS The Alcohol Misuse Prevention Study(More)
It is well established that alcohol (ethanol) is associated with increased probability of traumatic injury. This relationship has been attributed to alcohol's impairment of judgment and psychomotor performance, leading to increased probability of an injury-producing mishap. Once an accident occurs, it is widely believed that alcohol may protect against(More)
CONTEXT Graduated driver licensing (GDL) programs are being adopted in many states to address the high rate of motor vehicle fatalities among teens by requiring teenaged drivers to gain experience and maturity under conditions of relatively low crash risk before gaining full driving privileges. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the early impact of Michigan's GDL(More)
Driver history data, in combination with previously collected tenth-grade questionnaire data, for 4403 subjects were analyzed by Poisson regression models to identify the significant substance use and parental characteristics predicting subsequent high-risk driving of new drivers (starting at age 16) through age 23-24 years. Substance use (cigarettes,(More)
  • P F Waller
  • American journal of preventive medicine
  • 2001
This supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine addresses interventions that were considered impossible a quarter of a century ago. Drunk driving was considered more or less a “folk crime,” almost a rite of passage for young males. Most adults in the United States used alcohol, and most of them, at some point, drove after doing so. This is(More)
Echymipera kalabu (Peramelidae: Marsupialia) does not have the full chromosome complement in all its adult somatic tissues. The chromosomes missing are the Y-chromosome in the male and an X-chromosome in the female. The full complement is present in the corneal epithelium and the reproductive tissue. A parallel mosaicism to this exists with respect to small(More)