Patricia F Waller

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CONTEXT Graduated driver licensing (GDL) programs are being adopted in many states to address the high rate of motor vehicle fatalities among teens by requiring teenaged drivers to gain experience and maturity under conditions of relatively low crash risk before gaining full driving privileges. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the early impact of Michigan's GDL(More)
Driver history data, in combination with previously collected tenth-grade questionnaire data, for 4403 subjects were analyzed by Poisson regression models to identify the significant substance use and parental characteristics predicting subsequent high-risk driving of new drivers (starting at age 16) through age 23-24 years. Substance use (cigarettes,(More)
Older drivers constitute the most rapidly growing segment of the driving population in number of drivers licensed, miles driven, and proportion of the driving population. Yet the highway transportation system has not been designed for these drivers. This lack of fit is reflected in the accelerating rate of crashes per mile driven experienced by older(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol-related injuries, particularly motor vehicle, are an important cause of adolescent mortality. School-based alcohol prevention programs have not been evaluated in terms of driving outcomes. This study examined the effects on subsequent driving of a high school-based alcohol prevention program. METHODS The Alcohol Misuse Prevention Study(More)
UNLABELLED This paper discusses the early research that lead to graduated driver licensing, some of the educational principals on which it is based, obstacles to its acceptance, and some of the early efforts in the U.S. and elsewhere. EARLY RESEARCH: The research underlying the concept of graduated driver licensing was a 1971 North Carolina study that(More)
  • P F Waller
  • 2001
T his supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine addresses interventions that were considered impossible a quarter of a century ago. Drunk driving was considered more or less a " folk crime, " almost a rite of passage for young males. Most adults in the United States used alcohol, and most of them, at some point, drove after doing so. This is(More)
Two dogs were maintained on a multiple schedule having both a food reinforced and an avoidance component (Mult VI 1' S(Delta) Avoid(SS20 RS20) S(Delta)). The effects of superimposing an Estes-Skinner procedure for delivering unavoidable shocks on all components of the multiple schedule were observed. The buzzer-shock pairing of the Estes-Skinner procedure(More)
A multiple schedule having both an appetitive and an avoidance component was maintained in two dogs to create a complex behavioral base line for observing the effects of chlorpromazine. Both soluble and "Spansule" chlorpromazine generated similar functions relating drug dose to measures of behavioral output. Although the dose ranges and the drugging(More)
It is well established that alcohol (ethanol) is associated with increased probability of traumatic injury. This relationship has been attributed to alcohol's impairment of judgment and psychomotor performance, leading to increased probability of an injury-producing mishap. Once an accident occurs, it is widely believed that alcohol may protect against(More)
BACKGROUND Several small studies have found a high automobile crash rate for drivers with Alzheimer disease (AD) compared with unaffected elderly drivers, prompting the suggestion that the diagnosis of AD mandate cessation of driving. OBJECTIVES To compare automobile crash and violation rates of a large number of patients with AD with appropriately(More)