Patricia E Swanson

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Lymphocytes were originally thought to form the basis of a 'cancer immunosurveillance' process that protects immunocompetent hosts against primary tumour development, but this idea was largely abandoned when no differences in primary tumour development were found between athymic nude mice and syngeneic wild-type mice. However, subsequent observations that(More)
The general mechanism for the antibiotic activities of the polymyxins and octapeptins has been elucidated by research using a broad range of experimental techniques. However, this phenomenon has not been described in detailed molecular terms, and this must be one of the major goals for future research in this area. Since 1947, when polymyxin was first(More)
The hydrolytic haloalkane dehalogenases are promising bioremediation and biocatalytic agents. Two general classes of dehalogenases have been reported from Xanthobacter and Rhodococcus. While these enzymes share 30% amino acid sequence identity, they have significantly different substrate specificities and halide-binding properties. We report the 1.5 A(More)
A common viral immune evasion strategy involves mutating viral surface proteins in order to evade host neutralizing antibodies. Such immune evasion tactics have not previously been intentionally applied to the development of novel viral gene delivery vectors that overcome the critical problem of anti-vector immunity. Recombinant, replication-incompetent(More)
We assessed neutralizing antibody titers to adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) and six rare adenovirus serotypes, serotypes 11, 35, 50, 26, 48, and 49, in pediatric populations in sub-Saharan Africa. We observed a clear age dependence of Ad5-specific neutralizing antibody titers. These data will help to guide the development of Ad vector-based vaccines for human(More)
Introduction of a normal human chromosome 6 into human melanoma cell lines results in suppression of tumorigenicity. This suggests that a gene(s) on chromosome 6 controls the malignant phenotype of human melanoma. Because antioxidants can suppress the tumor-promotion phase of carcinogenesis, and because the antioxidant enzyme manganese superoxide dismutase(More)
Haloalkane dehalogenase from Rhodococcus rhodochrous was covalently immobilized onto a polyethyleneimine impregnated gamma-alumina support. The dehalogenating enzyme was found to retain greater than 40% of its original activity after immobilization, displaying an optimal loading (max. activity/supported protein) of 70 to 75 mg/g with an apparent maximum(More)
A new peptide antibiotic, EM 49, is shown to disrupt the structure of Escherichia coli outer membranes and release outer membrane fragments into the surrounding media. Evidence supporting this conclusion indludes EM 49 stimulated release of outer membrane phospholipids, lipopolysaccharide, and membrane fragments having a phospholipid and polypeptide(More)
Octapeptin is a membrane-active peptide antibiotic that contains a C10 fatty acid covalently attached to the peptide through an amide bond. Interactions of octapeptin with bacterial membranes and phospholipids were characterized by using spin-labeling techniques and octapeptin derivatives containing fatty acids of varying chain length. Acyl modification of(More)