Patricia E Karg

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For wheelchair users unable to transfer to a vehicle seat, the wheelchair serves as a means of mobility and postural support during activities of daily living and as a seating support in a vehicle. The performance of commercially available adaptive seating components in a dynamic or impact situation, as well as their effect on the safety of the user, is(More)
Pressure ulcer incidence rates have remained constant despite advances in support surface technology. Interface shear stress is recognized as a risk factor for pressure ulcer development and is the focus of many shear reduction technologies incorporated into wheelchair cushions; however, shear reduction has not been quantified in the literature. We(More)
The interface pressure distributions between flat foam cushions and the buttocks of seated test subjects were compared to custom-contoured cushion surface shapes generated with a seated-buttock contour gauge. Our hypothesis was that pressure measurements could be used to generate a contour equivalent to that obtained with a force-deflection contour gauge.(More)
A sensor for in vivo biomechanical characterization of buttock soft tissue has been developed and evaluated. The sensor measures interface pressure, applied force, tilt, and rotation angle of the sensor head, and the thicknesses of multiple soft tissue layers. A composite ultrasonic transducer using a 1-3 ceramic-polymer structure was developed for the(More)
Many wheelchairs are used as vehicle seats by those who cannot transfer to a vehicle seat. Although ANSI/RESNA WC-19 has been recently adopted as a standard to evaluate crashworthiness of the wheelchairs used as motor vehicle seats, replacement or after-market seats may not be tested to this standard. This study evaluated the crashworthiness of two(More)
This study characterizes pediatric wheelchair kinematic responses and wheelchair tiedown and occupant restraint system (WTORS) loading during rear impact. It also examines the kinematic and loading effects of wheelchair headrest inclusion in rear impact. In two separate rear-impact test scenarios, identical WC19-compliant manual pediatric wheelchairs were(More)
Automotive seats are tested for compliance with federal motor vehicle safety standards (FMVSS) to assure safety during impact. Many wheelchair users rely upon their wheelchairs to serve as vehicle seats. However, the crashworthiness of these wheelchairs during impact is often unknown. This study evaluated the crashworthiness of five combinations of(More)
Ease of use, comfort, security, and independent use of three types of wheelchair securement systems were evaluated in a large accessible transit vehicle by 20 wheelchair and scooter users. The securement systems included a 4-point tie-down system, a prototype autodocking system, and a prototype rear-facing wheelchair passenger (RF-WP) system. Study(More)
Safety of motor vehicle seats is of great importance in providing crash protection to the occupant. An increasing number of wheelchair users use their wheelchairs as motor vehicle seats when traveling. A voluntary standard requires that compliant wheelchairs be dynamically sled impact tested. However, testing to evaluate the crashworthiness of add-on(More)
  • G Bertocci, P Karg, D Hobson
  • 1997
To address the issue of safely accessing and securing wheeled mobility devices in motor vehicles, more information characterizing current-production devices was needed. In a recent effort, frame characteristics of wheeled mobility devices were defined and a database developed for recording characteristics relevant to access and securement. A representative(More)