Patricia E. Gallagher

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The chorionic villi in the placenta are responsible for the regulation of fetal oxygen and nutrient transport. Although the peripheral renin-angiotensin system is activated during normal pregnancy, the regulation of the local chorionic villi renin-angiotensin system remains unknown. Therefore, placental chorionic villous tissue was collected from(More)
The present study was designed to determine whether estrogen modulates the angiotensin processing enzymes in membrane homogenates obtained from uterus and kidney cortex and medulla of Sprague-Dawley (SD) and heterozygous (mRen2)27-transgenic hypertensive (Tg(+)) female rats treated with or without 17beta-estradiol (E2). We evaluated estrogen's influence on(More)
Estrogen replacement therapy is cardioprotective in postmenopausal women; however, the precise molecular mechanisms for this modulation are not fully elucidated. We previously showed that chronic estrogen replacement therapy reduced angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity in tissue extracts and serum with an associated reduction in plasma angiotensin(More)
Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] is an endogenous peptide of the renin-angiotensin system with vasodilator and antiprolifer-ative properties. Our previous studies showed that Ang-(1-7) reduced serum-stimulated growth of human lung cancer cells in vitro through activation of a unique AT (1-7) receptor. The current study investigates the effect of Ang-(1-7) on(More)
1. The present review provides an update on evidence of the neurotransmitter pathways and location of receptors within the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) mediating the baroreflex and other haemodynamic actions of angiotensin (Ang) II. 2. A series of studies suggests a significant role for substance P in the acute cardiovascular and carotid sinus(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reduce the progression of atherosclerosis in animal models and reinfarction rates after myocardial infarction in humans. Although expression of components of the renin-angiotensin system has been reported in human coronary arteries, no data regarding their presence in carotid arteries, a frequent site for the(More)
Previous studies showed that angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] attenuates cardiac remodeling by reducing both interstitial and perivascular fibrosis. Although a high affinity binding site for Ang-(1-7) was identified on cardiac fibroblasts, the molecular mechanisms activated by the heptapeptide hormone were not identified. We isolated cardiac fibroblasts from(More)
Studies in experimental animals and younger women suggest a protective role for estrogen; however, clinical trials may not substantiate this effect in older females. Therefore, the present study assessed the outcome of ovariectomy in older mRen2. Lewis rats subjected to a high-salt diet for 4 wk. Intact or ovariectomized (OVX, 15 wk of age) mRen2. Lewis(More)
As they age, Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats develop elevated systolic blood pressure associated with impaired baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) for control of heart rate. We previously demonstrated in young hypertensive (mRen2)27 rats that impaired BRS is restored by CB1 cannabinoid receptor blockade in the solitary tract nucleus (NTS), consistent with elevated(More)
BACKGROUND Endocannabinoids (ECs) are important contributors to implantation and decidualization and are suppressed in early pregnancy. Elevated levels of anandamide (AEA), the endogenous ligand for the CB1 and CB2 receptors (R), interfere with receptivity of the blastocyst. Ang-(1-7) is down-regulated in the implantation site (IS) in normal pregnancy at(More)