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We investigated in Lewis normotensive rats the effect of coronary artery ligation on the expression of cardiac angiotensin-converting enzymes (ACE and ACE 2) and angiotensin II type-1 receptors (AT1a-R) 28 days after myocardial infarction. Losartan, olmesartan, or the vehicle (isotonic saline) was administered via osmotic minipumps for 28 days after(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a homolog of ACE that preferentially forms angiotensin-(1-7) [ANG-(1-7)] from angiotensin II (ANG II). Incubation of neonatal rat cerebellar or medullary astrocytes with ANG II reduced ACE2 mRNA by approximately 60%, suggesting transcriptional regulation of the enzyme. In contrast, ANG II had no effect on ACE mRNA(More)
BACKGROUND Endogenous angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) enhances, while Ang II attenuates, baroreceptor sensitivity (BRS) for reflex control of heart rate (HR) in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. In (mRen2)27 renin transgenic rats [(mRen2)], there is overexpression of the mouse Ren2 gene in brain, leading to elevated Ang II and reduced Ang-(1-7) in brain medullary, and(More)
Age-related baroreflex reductions in function may originate from central neural dysregulation as well as vascular structural/functional changes. We determined the role of 2 angiotensin (Ang) peptides at the nucleus tractus solitarii in age-related baroreflex impairment. Baroreflex sensitivity control of heart rate in response to increases in blood pressure(More)
Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] is an endogenous 7-amino acid peptide hormone of the renin-angiotensin system that has antiproliferative properties. In this study, Ang-(1-7) inhibited the growth of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) and reduced fibrosis in the tumor microenvironment. A marked decrease in tumor volume and weight was observed in orthotopic(More)
Circulating leptin is elevated in some forms of obesity-related hypertension, associated with impaired baroreflex function. Leptin receptors are present on vagal afferent fibers and neurons within the solitary tract nucleus, providing an anatomic distribution consistent with baroreflex modulation. Although solitary tract nucleus microinjection of 144(More)
Injections of the angiotensin(1-7) [Ang(1-7)] antagonist [d-Ala7]-Ang(1-7) into the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) of Sprague-Dawley rats reduce baroreceptor reflex sensitivity (BRS) for control of heart rate by approximately 40%, whereas injections of the angiotensin II (Ang II) type 1 receptor antagonist candesartan increase BRS by 40% when reflex(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] is an endogenous, heptapeptide hormone with anti-proliferative and anti-angiogenic properties. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether Ang-(1-7) effectively reduces prostate cancer metastasis in mice. METHODS Human PC3 prostate cancer cells were injected into the aortic arch via the carotid(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) catalyzes the conversion of the vasoconstrictor angiotensin II (ANG II) to the vasodilatory peptide angiotensin-(1-7) [ANG-(1-7)]. We showed that treatment of hypertensive rats with the AT(1) receptor antagonist olmesartan increased ACE2 mRNA and protein in the thoracic aorta, suggesting that endogenous ANG II(More)
Concanavalin A, which binds to specific carbohydrate determinants on the cell surface, was used to investigate the binding of prolactin to its receptors in liver membranes from female rats. The binding of 125I-labeled ovine prolactin to receptors was sharply inhibited by concanavalin A. This effect was reversed by the competitive sugar(More)