Patricia Cuenca

Learn More
Several risk factors have been associated with gastric cancer, among them Helicobacter pylori infection. This bacterium yields inflammation, the degree of which depends on the bacterial strain and the severity of the host response. The inflammatory response involves a complex cytokine network. Recently, polymorphisms of the genes coding for interleukin-1β(More)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzymes are involved in activation and detoxification of many potential carcinogens. Genetic polymorphisms in those enzymes have been found to influence the interindividual susceptibility to cancer. Some polymorphisms of those enzymes have been associated specifically with susceptibility to gastric(More)
Deciphering the contribution of genetic instability in somatic cells is critical to our understanding of many human disorders. Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is one such disorder that is caused by the expansion of a CTG repeat that shows extremely high levels of somatic instability. This somatic instability has compromised attempts to measure(More)
In order to study if banana fields labour exposure to pesticides produces some kind of DNA damage, we determine the presence of micronuclei in epithelial oral cells in working women in Guapiles and Siquirres, Costa Rica, as an effect biomarker. We also analyzed other abnormalities in the nucleus of those cells such as broken-egg, karyolysis or kariorrhexis,(More)
Alterations in the monoaminergic neurotransmission systems are suspected to be involved in the etiology of neuropsychiatric disorders, including depression. The role of these pathways in the risk of developing depressive symptoms during childhood or adolescence is still not completely clear. This study sought to identify putative genetic factors in genes of(More)
Somatic mosaicism of the expanded CTG repeat in myotonic dystrophy type 1 is age-dependent, tissue-specific and expansion-biased, contributing toward the tissue-specificity and progressive nature of the symptoms. Previously, using regression modelling of repeat instability we showed that variation in the rate of somatic expansion in blood DNA contributes(More)
AIM To determine the association of Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) CagA(+) infection and pro-inflammatory polymorphisms of the genes interleukin (IL)-1RN and IL-1B with the risk of gastric atrophy and peptic ulcers in a dyspeptic population in Costa Rica, a country with high incidence and mortality of gastric cancer. METHODS Seven biopsy specimens, a(More)
The in vitro genotoxicity of imazalil and thiabendazole fungicides and the insecticide chlorpyrifos, compounds used in Costa Rican banana plantations, was evaluated with the single-cell gel electrophoresis technique (comet assay). The comet assay is a simple, rapid and low cost technique for quantification of DNA damage. This assay detects DNA single-strand(More)
Comments: We have confirmed the clinical diagnosis of a family diagnosed with a myotonic condition many years ago and report here, a new mutation in the CLCN1 gene. The clinical diagnosis was established using ocular, cardiac, neurological and electrophysiological tests and the molecular diagnosis was done by PCR, SSCP and sequencing of the CLCN1 gene. The(More)
Pesticides have been widely used in developing countries over the years. A large amount of these remains in the environment and organisms. Pesticide pollution is detrimental to human health. The effects can be seen on a short or a long-term basis and the symptoms can vary from headache to cancer. Only a minority of studies focuses on their genotoxic effect.(More)