Patricia Carloni

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
The effect of melatonin and its precursor N-acetylserotonin was studied in a model of lipid peroxidation induced in human red blood cells by incubation with cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) and H2O2. The oxidative stress was expressed as vitamin E consumption in the presence of melatonin or N-acetylserotonin (concentration ranging from 0.3 to 400 microM):(More)
The increasing knowledge on the participation of free radicals in many diverse clinical and pathological conditions, has consequently expanded the search for new and versatile antioxidants aimed at combating oxidative stress. Our interest in this field concerns aromatic indolinonic aminoxyls (nitroxides) which efficiently react with alkoxyl, peroxyl,(More)
Owing to the spectral distribution of solar UV, the UVA component of sunlight is now believed to be the main cause of photoaging and photocarcinogenesis and is much more effective than UVB in inducing peroxidative damage. Consequently, most skin care cosmetic products now include UVA filters in their formulations along with UVB filters. These modern(More)
We previously reported on the ability of dibenzoylmethane (DBM) and a relative, Parsol 1789, used as a ultraviolet A (UVA)-absorbing sunscreen, to generate free radicals upon illumination, and as a consequence, to inflict strand breaks in plasmid DNA in vitro. This study has now been extended to determine the effects of Parsol 1789 and DBM on proteins,(More)
In view of the possible employment of nitroxide compounds in various fields, it is important to know how they compare with other synthetic antioxidant compounds currently used in several industries and with naturally occurring antioxidants. To address this issue, the antioxidant activity of two aromatic indolinonic nitroxides synthesized by us was compared(More)
A study on peroxyl radical induced oxidation of rat liver microsomal membranes in the presence of different indolinic and quinolinic aminoxyls (Scheme 1) was carried out in order to test their efficiency as antioxidants in lipid and protein peroxidation. The extent of lipid peroxidation was quantified by the amount of malondialdehyde (MDA) produced, and the(More)
The influence of commonly used steeping times and temperatures, as well as leaf size on the antioxidant activity and sensory attributes of tea were studied. Five unblended white and green tea samples from China and Malawi, infused in hot (70 °C and 90 °C; 7 min) or cold water (room temperature: 15, 30, 60, or 120 min) either as whole leaves or as milled,(More)
N,N-Dimethyl-p-nitrosoaniline reacts with benzoyl chloride affording a complex salt containing a cation, a hybrid between a nitrenium ion and an iminium ion. The salt reacts with nucleophiles (indoles, indolizines) yielding compounds characterized by a new carbon-nitrogen bond, derived from the nitrenium ion form. According to the type of nucleophile, the(More)
The aim of this work is to study the conduction properties of selective ion channels by means of a Monte Carlo simulation that yields both current and its noise under open-gate conditions. A multi-ion model is used, where the ion binding sites around and inside the protein, the allowed transitions between different occupancy states and the associated rate(More)
A study of peroxyl radical-mediated bovine serum albumin oxidation in the presence of the quinolinic aminoxyl 1,2-dihydro-2,2-diphenyl-4-ethoxy-quinoline-1-oxyl (QAO) was carried out in order to test its efficiency as a protein antioxidant. Albumin oxidation was induced by the tert-butylhydroperoxide/PbO2 system. The extent of protein oxidation, measured by(More)
  • 1