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A predisposition to developing immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) has not been reported in survivors of childhood cancer. We report a case series of childhood cancer survivors who developed an isolated thrombocytopenia in the presence of a normocellular bone marrow. Five children, two with endodermal sinus tumors and three with acute lymphoblastic leukemia,(More)
In order to understand better how cytokines modulate porcine lymphocyte-mediated natural cytotoxicity and to develop a rapid and reliable colorimetric assay to study that activity in young pigs, we studied inherent and cytokine induced in vitro natural killer (NK) activity. The cytokines we studied were human recombinant interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha),(More)
Nonopsonized Brucella abortus and bacteria treated with fresh antiserum, heat-inactivated antiserum, or normal bovine serum were evaluated for their ability to stimulate production of superoxide anion and myeloperoxidase-mediated iodination by neutrophils from cattle. Brucella abortus opsonized with fresh antiserum or heat-inactivated antiserum stimulated(More)
A 300-sow farrow-to-finish swine operation in the United States experienced a sudden and severe increase in mortality in neonatal piglets with high morbidity followed by vesicular lesions on the snout and feet of adult females and males. Affected live piglets were submitted for diagnostic investigation. Samples tested polymerase chain reaction (PCR)(More)
Brucella abortus releases two components (fractions 3b and 10) that inhibit the myeloperoxidase-H2O2-halide antibacterial system of bovine neutrophils by inhibiting degranulation. Fractions 3b and 10 were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography and thin-layer chromotography and compared with nucleotide and base standards. These investigations(More)
: The authors describe a 15-year-old girl presenting with a cerebral ischemic stroke as the first manifestation of catastrophic antiphospholipid antibody syndrome secondary to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Despite treatment with anticoagulants, therapeutic plasma exchange, and chemotherapy, the patient developed multiorgan thromboses and failure, eventually(More)
A colorimetric assay was developed for quantitating bovine neutrophil bactericidal activity against Staphylococcus aureus. The procedure used the tetrazolium compound, 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT). The assay was conducted by incubating antibody-opsonized S. aureus with neutrophils in microtiter plates for 1 h at a ratio(More)
A low-molecular-weight Brucella abortus extract (a nucleotidelike material) inhibited zymosan-elicited neutrophil degranulation and trichloroacetic acid-precipitable protein iodination (a measure of myeloperoxidase and H2O2 release from neutrophilic leukocytes). Inhibition of neutrophil function was directly related to the concentration of the Brucella(More)
The effects of fractions of Brucella abortus strain 2308 on functions of bovine polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) were examined in vitro. Ingestion of Staphylococcus aureus and reduction of nitroblue tetrazolium dye by bovine PMNs were not inhibited by heat-killed B. abortus. The ability of PMNs to iodinate proteins was significantly inhibited by live or(More)
Human interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a biologically active peptide which displays chemo-attractive activity for neutrophils and T-cells. The molecule is produced by a variety of cell types upon exposure to lipopolysaccharide, interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor. Recombinant human IL-8 also stimulates chemotaxis of bovine cells in a dose dependent manner. The(More)