Learn More
Interferon-alpha may be better than cytotoxic drugs in the long-term management of patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) in chronic phase. To test this possibility 587 patients with CML in chronic phase were randomly allocated to receive lymphoblastoid cell-line interferon-alpha n1 (IFN-alpha, n = 293) or chemotherapy with busulphan or hydroxyurea(More)
Two hundred and nineteen cases of Ph+ve CML and 15 Ph-ve, BCR+ve CML cases have been analysed to determine the breakpoint site and its relationship to clinical features, cytogenetic response, duration of chronic phase and survival. 119 cases have had RNA analysis performed to determine the type of BCR/ABL transcript and have also been analysed in a similar(More)
Achieving a complete cytogenetic response (CCgR) is a major target in the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha), but CCgRs are rare. The mean CCgR rate is 13%, in a range of 5% to 33%. A collaborative study of 9 European Union countries has led to the collection of data on 317 patients who were first seen between 1983(More)
Telomere shortening is associated with disease evolution in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). We have examined the relationship between diagnostic telomere length and outcome in 59 patients with CML who entered into the MRC CMLIII Trial by Southern blot hybridization using the (TTAGGG)(4) probe. Age-adjusted telomere repeat array (TRA) reduction was found(More)
The immune responses of 100 patients who presented with an acute idiopathic neuropathy were compared with those of age and sex matched controls. Blood lymphocytes and their subsets were counted with a fluorescent activated cell sorter. CD8+ (putative suppressor) lymphocytes were significantly reduced in the first week of the disease but total lymphocytes,(More)
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is characterized by formation of the BCR-ABL fusion gene, usually as a consequence of the Philadelphia (Ph) translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22. Large deletions on the derivative chromosome 9 have recently been reported, but it was unclear whether deletions arose during disease progression or at the time of the Ph(More)
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is characterized by the presence of a Bcr-Abl fusion protein with deregulated tyrosine kinase activity that is required for maintaining the malignant phenotype. Imatinib, a selective inhibitor of Bcr-Abl, induces major cytogenetic remission (MCR) or complete cytogenetic remission (CCR) in the majority of patients with CML(More)
A substantial minority of patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) achieve a complete response (CR) to treatment with interferon-alpha (IFN), defined as the disappearance of Philadelphia chromosome-positive metaphases. Currently it is unclear how long IFN treatment should be continued for such patients. We used a competitive reverse(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is a B-cell disorder, which has a median survival of over 10 years from diagnosis for stage A disease. The natural history of stage A disease is generally indolent or only slowly progressive. It is less well known that CLL may undergo spontaneous regression. We report a series of 10 such cases (eight stage A and two stage(More)