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A one-year-old boy with type I H mucopolysaccharidosis (Hurler's disease) was given a bone-marrow transplant (BMT) from his mother in an attempt to replace the deficient enzyme, alpha-L-iduronidase (iduronidase). These is definite evidence of engraftment, the enzyme activity of the recipient's leucocytes reaching heterozygote levels within 37 days of the(More)
Reactive oxygen metabolites are believed to be important mediators of sepsis- or lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced adult respiratory distress syndrome. EUK-8 is a novel, synthetic, low-molecular-weight salen-manganese complex that exhibits both superoxide dismutase and catalase activities in vitro. We hypothesized that treatment with EUK-8 would ameliorate(More)
Reactive oxygen metabolites (ROMs) are thought to play a key role in the pathogenesis of the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Accordingly, the use of ROM scavengers, such as N-acetyl-cysteine or dimethylthiourea, as therapeutic adjuncts to prevent oxidant-mediated damage to the lung have been evaluated extensively in animal models of ARDS.(More)
To determine factors that influence the occurrence of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, the authors surveyed prospectively 8,254 infants born in eastern Iowa between October 1989 and June 1994. The authors conducted a case-control study to identify maternal risk factors, matching each CMV-infected infant with three uninfected infants according to(More)
The complement-fixation test, as commonly used in the diagnosis of viral infections, was studied for its possible application to the diagnosis of whooping cough and the detection of antibody following pertussis vaccination. The results were compared with those obtained in parallel immunofluorescence tests. CFTs were performed on sera from 41 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To see whether stress could be alleviated in patients being treated for early breast cancer. DESIGN Controlled randomised trial lasting six weeks. SETTING Outpatient radiotherapy department in a teaching hospital. PATIENTS One hundred fifty four women with breast cancer stage I or II after first session of six week course of radiotherapy, of(More)
We examined all the morbidity experienced in a six-year period by a total of 2591 children who were continuously enrolled in a prepaid medical plan. The children had received 19,291 diagnoses, each of which was assigned to one of 14 types of morbidity, and the frequency of each type was determined. Although the typical child had at least one problem in 5 of(More)
Forty-five pregnant women rated themselves for hostility, depression and anxiety. Maternal and foetal heart rates were recorded while they listened to a tape through headphones. The foetuses of anxious mothers showed pronounced responses to certain taped stimuli but this effect was not found for mothers with high hostility or depression scores.
Earlier studies have shown that one in eight children persist in being high users of health care services over long periods of time and, conversely, about the same proportion of children are consistently low users. As these studies failed to discover reasons for these persistent deviations from average, this study explored three possible explanations:(More)