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Although there are many algorithms available in the literature aimed at segmentation and model reconstruction of 3D angiographic images, many are focused on characterizing only a part of the vascular network. This study is motivated by the recent emerging prospects of whole-organ simulations in coronary hemodynamics, autoregulation and tissue oxygen(More)
In this study vasa vasorum in the walls of porcine coronary arteries were examined, using three-dimensional (3D) micro-CT scanning techniques. These techniques leave the 3D structure of the vasa vasorum tree intact and thus provide a much more direct view of this structure than is possible from conventional histological sections. The study demonstrates-for(More)
The volume of myocardial tissue that is perfused by an epicardial coronary artery has been shown to be predictably related to the diameter of the epicardial arterial lumen. However, to what extent the intramyocardial microvasculature follows the epicardial rules remains unclear. To explore the relationship between the diameter of coronary arterioles and(More)
Noncoronary vasa vasorum have been described as networks of microvessels in the wall of arteries and veins. However, we have shown, using microcomputerized tomography (micro-CT) imaging methods, that porcine coronary vasa vasorum have a tree-like branching structure similar to the vasculature in general. In this study, we elucidate functional aspects of(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the role of coronary vasa vasorum (VV) spatial distribution in determining the location of early atherosclerotic lesion development. METHODS AND RESULTS Six, 3-month-old, female, crossbred swine were fed 2% high-cholesterol (HC) diet for 3 months prior to euthanasia. Six other pigs were fed normal diet (N) for the entire 6 months.(More)
OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that apolipoprotein E (apoE)(-/-)/low-density lipoprotein (LDL)(-/-) double knockout mice might develop vasa vasorum (VV) in association with advanced lesion formation. METHODS AND RESULTS Aortas from apoE(-/-)/LDL(-/-) mice aged 16, 18, 20, or 80 weeks were infused in situ with Microfil, harvested, and scanned with(More)
Patients with congenital heart disease who have a morphological right ventricle (RV) serving as a systemic ventricle have an increased incidence of RV dysfunction. A different structural response of microvessels to increased pressure load in the RV is a possible mechanism for this dysfunction. To examine the merit of this hypothesis, we explored the(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the role of the coronary microcirculation in response to different-sized microemboli, we measured changes in intramyocardial microvascular blood volume (Bv), perfusion (F) and transit time (TT) and also microvascular patterns of injury. METHODS Bv, F and TT were quantitated in 24 pigs at baseline and again 2 min after repeat injections(More)
Using cryostatic microscopic computed tomography (micro-CT), we sought to determine the role of coronary vasa vasorum (VV) in transendothelial solute transport in arteries with normal and increased permeability due to high plasma cholesterol levels. In 6-mo-old pigs on a normal (n=23) and 2% high cholesterol (HC) diet (n=8), 2-cm segments of the proximal(More)
BACKGROUND After occlusion of an epicardial artery, left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is closely related to the volume of nonperfused myocardium (NPM). The impact of coronary microembolization (ME) on LV function, however, is larger relative to the total volume of NPM. We hypothesized that the total surface area (SA), rather than the total volume, of NPM is(More)