Patricia Arredondo Vázquez

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Recently, the description of glucokinase mRNA in certain neuroendocrine cells has opened new ways to characterize this enzyme in the rat brain. In this study, we found glucokinase mRNA and a similar RNA splicing pattern of the glucokinase gene product in rat hypothalamus and pancreatic islets; the mRNA that codes for B1 isoform was the most abundant, with(More)
Neuroepithelial cells undergoing differentiation efficiently remodel their cytoskeleton and shape in an energy-consuming process. The capacity of autophagy to recycle cellular components and provide energy could fulfill these requirements, thus supporting differentiation. However, little is known regarding the role of basal autophagy in neural(More)
Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) functions as an incretin hormone with antidiabetogenic properties. However, the role of GLP-1 in human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), if any, remains unknown. The effects of GLP-1 on hMSCs were tested with regard to cell proliferation, cytoprotection, and cell differentiation into adipocytes. The(More)
Johne's disease or paratuberculosis is a chronic granulomatous inflammation of the small intestine of ruminants caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). Recent studies suggest an association between MAP and Crohn's disease in humans. MAP can become widely distributed within the tissues of infected animals, and meat may be a possible(More)
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) infection causes a chronic granulomatous inflammatory regional enteritis in ruminants. Cell-mediated immune responses are assumed to be protective and therefore, to be associated with its more delimited lesion types, while humoral responses are mainly associated with diffuse histopathological lesions.(More)
Our previous description of functional glucokinase isoforms in the rat brain has opened new questions concerning the presence of glucokinase regulatory protein in the brain and the functional role of its interactions with glucokinase. In this study, we found glucokinase regulatory protein mRNA in rat brain, pancreatic islets and liver. In addition, we found(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLR) are membrane proteins that play a key role in innate immunity, by recognizing pathogens and subsequently activating appropriate responses. Mutations in TLR genes are associated with susceptibility to inflammatory and infectious diseases in humans. In cattle, 3 members of the TLR family, TLR1, TLR2, and TLR4, are associated with(More)
In an attempt to study the role of glucokinase (GK) and the effects of glucose and peptides on GK gene expression and on the activity of this enzyme in the hypothalamus, we used two kinds of biological models: hypothalamic GT1-7 cells and rat hypothalamic slices. The expression of the GK gene in GT1-7 cells was reduced by insulin (INS) and was not modified(More)
A genetic susceptibility to Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) infections in ruminants has been longtime suspected to exist. Recently, natural infections in cattle have been reclassified into latent and patent forms based on histopathological findings and their associations with immunological and microbiological variables. This study aims to(More)
The enteropathy called paratuberculosis (PTB), which mainly affects ruminants and has a worldwide distribution, is caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. This disease significantly reduces the cost-effectiveness of ruminant farms, and therefore, reliable and rapid detection methods are needed to control the spread of the bacterium in(More)