Patricia Anne Deuster

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To study the effects of physical conditioning on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, we examined the plasma ACTH, cortisol, and lactate responses in sedentary subjects, moderately trained runners, and highly trained runners to graded levels of treadmill exercise (50, 70, and 90 percent of maximal oxygen uptake) and to intravenous ovine(More)
In the rat, lactation suppresses a variety of physiological responses to stress. We investigated whether stress-responsive neurohormonal systems are also restrained during breast feeding in humans. We chose treadmill exercise as a stressor because this stimulus produces an exercise intensity-dependent activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis(More)
Untrained, moderately trained (runners, 15 to 25 mi/wk), and highly trained (runners, greater than 45 mi/wk) men participated in graded treadmill exercise at 50%, 70%, and 90% of their maximal oxygen consumption to quantify the relation between intensity of exercise and sympathetic nervous system and metabolic responses. Sympathetic system activation was(More)
Although we have previously shown that the integrity of inflammatory mediator-induced activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis is essential for conferring resistance to inflammatory disease in susceptible Lewis rats, the role of endogenous glucocorticoid secretion in human immune function in either health or disease is less clear. To further(More)
Healthy men exhibit a differential hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) response to exercise stress and fall into two groups: high responders (HR) and low responders (LR). The present study examined whether HR to physical stress also exhibit higher HPA reactivity to psychological stress than LR. We examined 14 HR and 13 LR classified based on their(More)
Two studies, each utilizing short-term treadmill exercise of a different intensity, assessed the metabolic and hormonal responses of women to exercise in the morning (AM) and late afternoon (PM). In study 1, plasma concentrations of growth hormone, arginine vasopressin, catecholamines, adrenocorticotropic hormone, cortisol, lactate, and glucose were(More)
Exertional rhabdomyolysis (ERB) is a syndrome of severe skeletal muscle breakdown. Blood levels of creatine kinase (CK) are widely used as a marker to reflect muscle breakdown. Some individuals exhibit extreme increases in blood CK after exercise and have been characterized as high responders (HR), but no clinical definition of HR exists and reasons for the(More)
Previous studies in animals indicate that reproductive steroids are potent modulators of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, a physiologic system that is typically dysregulated in affective disorders, such as major depression. Determination of the role of reproductive steroids in HPA axis regulation in humans is of importance when attempting to(More)
Physical activity can be assessed via self-report, via physiological measures such as heart rate and oxygen uptake, or via automated monitor. An electronic accelerometer-based physical activity device (Actigraph) has been reported as an improvement over other activity measurement techniques in terms of utility and accuracy. Four studies provide systematic(More)
OBJECTIVE Depressive symptomatology is more prevalent among sedentary than physically active individuals. The present prospective study examines whether withdrawal of regular aerobic activity provokes depressive mood symptoms and fatigue, and to what extent reductions in fitness levels contribute to the development of these symptoms. METHODS Forty(More)