Patricia Ann Estes

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The Drosophila spineless (ss) gene encodes a basic-helix-loop-helix-PAS transcription factor that is required for proper specification of distal antennal identity, establishment of the tarsal regions of the legs, and normal bristle growth. ss is the closest known homolog of the mammalian aryl hydrocarbon receptor (Ahr), also known as the dioxin receptor.(More)
To determine whether the steroid antagonist RU486 mediates its antiglucocorticoid and antiprogestin activities by the same or different receptor mechanisms, a direct comparison of RU486 interaction with glucocorticoid (GR) and progesterone (PR) receptors was made. The effects of RU486 on transformation of GR and PR 8-10S complexes in the intact cell and in(More)
The L1 major capsid protein of human papillomavirus type 11 (HPV-11) was expressed in Escherichia coli, and the soluble recombinant protein was purified to near homogeneity. The recombinant L1 protein bound DNA as determined by the Southwestern assay method, and recombinant mutant L1 proteins localized the DNA-binding domain to the carboxy-terminal 11 amino(More)
A monoclonal antibody (MAb), designated PR-6, produced against chick oviduct progesterone receptors [Sullivan, W. P., Beito, T. G., Proper, J., Krco, C. J., & Toft, D. O. (1986) Endocrinology (Baltimore) 119, 1549-1557] cross-reacts with the Mr 120,000 human B receptors. An immunomatrix prepared with PR-6 was used to purify progesterone receptors (PR) from(More)
The prophylactic papillomavirus vaccines currently in clinical trials are composed of viral L1 capsid protein that is synthesized in eukaryotic expression systems and purified in the form of virus-like particles (VLPs). To evaluate whether VLPs are necessary for effective vaccination, we expressed the L1 protein as a glutathione S-transferase (GST) fusion(More)
In order to analyze bonding contacts that stabilize the virion or promote capsid assembly, bovine papillomavirus (BPV) virions were subjected to buffer conditions known to disrupt polyomavirus virions. At physiologic ionic strength, incubation with dithiothreitol (DTT), EGTA, or DTT plus EGTA did not disrupt BPV virions as determined by electron microscopy.(More)
The choice of sexual identity in somatic tissues of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster is determined early in embryogenesis by the X-chromosome-to-autosome (X/A) ratio. The system that signals the X/A ratio selects the sexual development pathway by determining the activity state of the binary switch Sex-lethal (Sxl). In 2X/2A animals, the X/A signalling(More)
Members of the 70-kDa family of cellular stress proteins assit in protein folding by preventing inappropriate intra- and intermolecular interactions during normal protein synthesis and transport and when cells are exposed to a variety of environmental stresses. During infection of A31 mouse fibroblasts with polyomavirus, the constitutive form of hsp70,(More)
Stably transfected cell lines containing the normal human growth hormone (hGH-N) and human growth hormone-variant (hGH-V) genes have been established in order to study the expression of these two highly homologous genes. Each gene was inserted into a bovine papillomavirus shuttle vector under the transcriptional control of the mouse metallothionein gene(More)
Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) unwinding/modifying activity, which is present in a wide range of eukaryotic cells, has been previously shown to convert up to 50% of adenosine residues to inosines within intermolecular dsRNA. In the present study, we report that this activity also modifies, though slightly less efficiently, intramolecular double-stranded(More)