Patricia Ann Chandran

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BACKGROUND Screening is an unsolved problem for ovarian cancer (OvCA). As late detection is equivalent to poor prognosis, we analysed whether OvCA patients show diagnostically meaningful microRNA (miRNA) patterns in blood cells. METHODS Blood-borne whole miRNome profiles from 24 patients with OvCA and 15 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were(More)
BACKGROUND Zoonotic malaria caused by Plasmodium knowlesi is an important, but newly recognized, human pathogen. For the first time, post-mortem findings from a fatal case of knowlesi malaria are reported here. CASE PRESENTATION A formerly healthy 40 year-old male became symptomatic 10 days after spending time in the jungle of North Borneo. Four days(More)
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rapidly progressive demyelinating disease caused by the reactivation of JC papova virus usually in immunocompromised hosts. 1 The disease is a chronic viral infection resulting in mortality within a year. 2 The condition characterized by white matter changes in multiple locations of the brain is caused(More)
AIM Sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease is a common condition afflicting the young male working and student population, resulting in considerable pain, embarrassment and loss of work days. Controversy surrounds the most appropriate surgical approach to achieve low recurrence rates whilst minimizing morbidity and permitting an early return to work. This study(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic efficacy of shearwave elastography (SWE) in differentiating between benign and malignant breast lesions.One hundred and fifty-nine lesions were assessed using B-mode ultrasound (US) and SWE parameters were recorded (Emax, Emean, Emin, Eratio, SD). SWE measurements were then correlated with(More)
Phyllodes tumour or cystosarcoma phyllodes is a rare stromal breast tumour that is usually benign but on rare occasions can turn malignant. Non-specificity of the imaging features on sonography and mammography makes it difficult to distinguish malignant from benign counterparts solely based on imaging. The final diagnosis is still highly dependent on(More)
Filariasis, a parasitic infection endemic in parts of India, Myanmar, islands of the South Pacific, West and East Africa and Saudi Arabia can be diagnosed from various types of cytopathological specimens. This case documents the detection of filarial infection from hydrocele fluid cytology in a 30-year-old Myanmar migrant worker in Malaysia.
The incidence of synchronous bilateral infiltrating breast cancer has been reported to be 2%. However, synchronous unilateral infiltrating ductal carcinoma and infiltrating lobular carcinoma (ILC) are very rarely reported. We present a woman with palpable ILC who was later found to have synchronous well-circumscribed ductal carcinoma on further imaging. We(More)
Lymphocytic mastitis, or diabetic mastopathy, is an unusual finding in early-onset and long-standing diabetes. It can presents as a non-tender or tender palpable breast mass. Mammogram and ultrasound frequently demonstrate findings suspicious of malignancy, thus biopsy and histological confirmation is usually required. We reviewed two cases of lymphocytic(More)
PURPOSE This paper reports an unusual case of a transsphenoidal encephalocele and discusses our experience with a minimally invasive management. To the best of our knowledge, we present the first case of a combined endoscopic transnasal and transoral approach to a transsphenoidal encephalocele in an infant. METHODS A 17-day-old boy, who was referred for(More)