Patricia Anglade

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Lactococcus lactis is a Gram-positive bacteria, which belongs to the group of lactic acid bacteria among which several genera play an essential role in the manufacture of food products. Cytosolic proteins of L. lactis IL1403 cultivated in M17 broth have been resolved by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis using two pH gradients (pH 4-7, 4.5-5.5). More than(More)
Divercin V41 is a new bacteriocin produced by Carnobacterium divergens V41, a lactic acid bacterium isolated from fish viscera. The amino acid sequence of divercin V41 showed high homologies with pediocin PA-1 and enterocin A. Two disulphide bonds were present in the hydrophilic N-terminal domain and in the highly variable hydrophobic C-terminal domain,(More)
Bifidobacteria are one of the main microbial inhabitants of the human colon. Usually administered in fermented dairy products as beneficial microorganisms, they have to overcome the acidic pH found in the stomach during the gastrointestinal transit to be able to colonize the lower parts of the intestine. The mechanisms underlying acid response and(More)
Lactobacillus sakei is a food-borne bacterium naturally found in meat and fish products. A study was performed to examine the intraspecies diversity among 73 isolates sourced from laboratory collections in several different countries. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analysis demonstrated a 25% variation in genome size between isolates, ranging from 1,815(More)
Adaptation to and tolerance of bile stress are among the main limiting factors to ensure survival of bifidobacteria in the intestinal environment of humans. The effect of bile salts on protein expression patterns of Bifidobacterium longum was examined. Protein pattern comparison of strains grown with or without bile extract allowed us to identify 34(More)
Two bacteriocins produced by Carnobacterium piscicola V1 were purified and characterized. Piscicocin V1a (molecular mass = 4,416 Da) and piscicocin V1b (molecular mass = 4,526 Da) are nonlantibiotic, small, heat-stable antibacterial peptides. Piscicocin V1b is identical to carnobacteriocin BM1, while piscicocin V1a is a new bacteriocin. Its complete(More)
The psychrotrophic bacterium Pseudomonas fragi was subjected to cold shocks from 30 or 20 to 5 degrees C. The downshifts were followed by a lag phase before growth resumed at a characteristic 5 degrees C growth rate. The analysis of protein patterns by two-dimentional gel electrophoresis revealed overexpression of 25 or 17 proteins and underexpression of 12(More)
Liver, kidney, gill and olfactory epithelium cytosolic fractions of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were examined for glutathione S-transferase (GST) contents. Proteins retained on a glutathione (GSH)-affinity matrix were separated as monomers by reversed-phase HPLC and characterized by immunoblotting, mass spectrometry and partial amino acid sequence.(More)
When cultivated in the presence of trypsin, the Ruminococcus gnavus E1 strain, isolated from a human fecal sample, was able to produce an antibacterial substance that accumulated in the supernatant. This substance, called ruminococcin A, was purified to homogeneity by reverse-phase chromatography. It was shown to be a 2,675-Da bacteriocin harboring a(More)
We have characterized 11 porcine liver cytosolic glutathione S-transferase (GST) subunits from their precise molecular mass, immunoreactivity and partial amino acid sequence. Four Alpha-, six Mu- and one unexpected Pi-class GST subunits were found with average molecular masses of 24.984-25.228 kDa, 25.039-25.657 kDa and 23.510 kDa respectively. Molecular(More)