Patricia Aissa

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The variations of acetylcholinesterase activity, considered to be a biochemical biomarker of organophosphorus and carbamate compounds, was followed in Mediterranean clams (Ruditapes decussatus) and mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) as a function of season and sampling sites in the lagoon of Bizerta (Tunisia). Results show that acetylcholinesterase(More)
Anthropogenic inputs of crude and refined petroleum hydrocarbons into the sea require knowledge of the effects of these contaminants on the receiving assemblages of organisms. A microcosm experiment was carried out to study the influence of diesel on a free living nematode community of a Tunisian lagoon. Sediments were contaminated by diesel that ranged in(More)
AIMS To characterize polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-degrading bacteria from sediments of the Bizerte lagoon, and to determine their ability to resist other pollutants such as antibiotics and heavy metals. METHODS AND RESULTS More than 100 strains were isolated for their ability to use fluoranthene as the sole carbon and energy source. Most of them(More)
A microcosm experiment was setup to examine (1) the effect of phenanthrene contamination on meiofauna and bacteria communities and (2) the effects of different bioremediation strategies on phenanthrene degradation and on the community structure of free-living marine nematodes. Sediments from Bizerte lagoon were contaminated with (100 mg kg(-1)) phenanthrene(More)
Anthracene (ANT) and permethrin (PER) are two of the more toxic compounds reaching the marine environment. This study aimed to determine the impact of these molecules on Venerupis decussata, an economically important species cultured on the Tunisian coast. Shell structure and its possible transformation upon exposure to the two contaminants were studied by(More)
Three biomarkers (glutathione S-transferase [GST] activity, catalase [CAT] activity, and malonedialdehyde [MDA] levels) were measured in specimens of the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis collected from two different stations (BC and MJ) in the lagoon of Bizerta (Tunisia). Animals were allowed to acclimate in the laboratory for some days. They were then(More)
PURPOSE The main goals of this study were to investigate (1) the behavior of microbial communities in response to low-dose bioavailable anthracene addition in lightly contaminated sediment from Bizerte Lagoon and (2) the effects of bioremediation treatments on microbial biomass, activity, and community structure. METHODS Sediment microcosms amended with 1(More)
In order to estimate how pollution affects the bacterial community structure and composition of sediments, chemical and molecular approaches were combined to investigate eight stations around the Bizerte lagoon. Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA genes revealed that each station was characterized by(More)
Sediments from Bizerta lagoon were used in an experimental microcosm setup involving three scenarios for the bioremediation of anthracene-polluted sediments, namely bioaugmentation, biostimulation, and a combination of both bioaugmentation and biostimulation. In order to investigate the effect of the biotreatments on the benthic biosphere, 16S rRNA(More)
Biological interactions between metazoans and the microbial community play a major role in structuring food webs in aquatic sediments. Pollutants can also strongly affect the structure of meiofauna and microbial communities. This study aims investigating, in a non-contaminated sediment, the impact of meiofauna on bacteria facing contamination by a mixture(More)