Patricia A. Sullivan

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Data from the US population-based Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, conducted from 1988 to 1994, were used to estimate the population prevalence, prevalence odds ratios, and attributable fractions for the association of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with employment by industry and occupation. The aim was to identify(More)
BACKGROUND Vermiculite from the mine near Libby, Montana, is contaminated with tremolite asbestos and other amphibole fibers (winchite and richterite). Asbestos-contaminated Libby vermiculite was used in loose-fill attic insulation that remains in millions of homes in the United States, Canada, and other countries. OBJECTIVE This report describes(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine differences in perception of the importance of weight training as a part of general and sport-specific training for selected collegiate men and women student-athletes. Subjects included 139 men and 165 women varsity National Collegiate Athletic Association Division III student-athletes who participated in the(More)
Cadmium transport in the plasma of Mytilus edulis L. displays attributes similar to those previously described for Mercenaria mercenaria (L.). The majority of Cr, Cu, Ni, and Zn is partitioned in the plasma rather than the hemocytes in both species, although differences in Fe and Mn are apparent. Mussels however contain twice the number of circulating(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the overall prevalence of aspiration in dysphagic individuals referred for a modified barium swallow and the underlying anatomic and/or physiologic causes. A total of 166 patients were seen during a 1-month period at 5 participating institutions. Aspiration was detected in 51.2% of the patients. The most(More)
An unprecedented demographic transformation is occurring as our population ages. Those older than age 65 represent the fastest growing segment of the population. Within this older group, approximately 10% to 30% of adults are estimated to have dysphagia, but true incidence and prevalence are unknown. They make up a heterogeneous mix of both healthy and(More)
PURPOSE To determine, pretreatment, how head and neck cancer (HNC) patients prioritize potential treatment effects in relationship to each other and to survival and to ascertain whether patients' preferences are related to demographic or disease characteristics, performance status, or quality of life (QOL). PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred thirty-one(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the fraction of airflow obstruction attributable to workplace exposure by U.S. race/ethnic group. METHODS U.S. population-based third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) data on 4,086 Caucasians, 2,774 African-Americans, and 2,568 Mexican-Americans, aged 30-75, were studied. Airflow obstruction was defined(More)
OBJECTIVE Abnormalities in the mucosal lining of the vocal folds may interfere with the normal vibratory patterns and result in vocal limitations, especially for singers whose demands are great. A prospective, longitudinal study was undertaken to investigate the incidence of laryngeal abnormalities in asymptomatic singing students. METHODS Sixty-five(More)
BACKGROUND Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in US women, accounting for 72,130 deaths in 2006. In addition to smoking cessation, further reduction of the burden of lung cancer mortality can be made by preventing exposure to occupational lung carcinogens. Data for occupational exposures and health outcomes of US working women are limited. (More)