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PURPOSE To update the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)/College of American Pathologists (CAP) guideline recommendations for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) testing in breast cancer to improve the accuracy of HER2 testing and its utility as a predictive marker in invasive breast cancer. METHODS ASCO/CAP convened an Update(More)
Strand Displacement Amplification (SDA) is an isothermal, in vitro method of amplifying a DNA target sequence prior to detection [Walker et al (1992) Nucleic Acids Res., 20, 1691-1693]. Here we describe a multiplex form of SDA that allows two target sequences and an internal amplification control to be co-amplified by a single pair of primers after common(More)
Gravid mammals are more prone to listeriosis than their nongravid counterparts. However, many features of the disease in gravid animals are not well defined. We determined, in mice, that increased susceptibility to lethal infection following oral inoculation begins surprisingly early in pregnancy and extends through embryonic development. Pregnancy did not(More)
The American Society of Clinical Oncology guideline for the use of postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) was published in 2001. This update of that guideline, completed in collaboration with the American Society for Radiation Oncology and the Society of Surgical Oncology, focuses on key areas of ongoing controversy, including the use of PMRT for patients with(More)
Gravid mice and other rodents inoculated with Listeria monocytogenes typically fail to clear an intrauterine infection and either succumb or expel their intrauterine contents. We took advantage of this property to investigate the effects of an extrauterine infection on parameters of pregnancy success. Pregnant mice were selected for our study if they showed(More)
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