Patricia A McKinley

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When adults reach to grasp stationary targets, movement kinematics (endpoint trajectories, interjoint coordination) are highly stereotyped and stable. The emergence of an optimal coordination for reaching involves mastering the redundant number of degrees of freedom while the body grows. Reaching has been well studied in healthy children under the age of 3(More)
This study investigated the modulation of prelanding muscle activity with normal or perturbed vision under conditions where jump height was known or unknown. Lower leg electromyography (EMG) was monitored while subjects jumped from a constant (0.45 m) or variable (0.35-0.55 m) heights when vision was unaltered or perturbed by a strobe light, blackened(More)
Sensori-motor development and performance of daily living skills (DLS) remain little explored in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The objective of this study was to determine the impact of sensori-motor skills on the performance of DLS in preschool children with ASD. Thirty-five children, 3-4 years of age, were recruited and assessed with a(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a clinical tool to quantify stair descent performance in children with moderate to severe intellectual disability. DESIGN Item identification, measurement construction, and basic testing of reliability. SETTING School for children with intellectual disability. PARTICIPANTS A sample of convenience; 18 children (age range, 5-9 yr)(More)
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the development of head-trunk coordination during single hops using one foot or two feet in children of two ages (5.5 to 6 and 7 to 7.5) and adults (n = 6/group). The kinematics of the subjects' hops were analyzed by means of an automatic optical TV-image processor called the ELITE system. The absolute(More)
A motor performance which involves multijoint coordination and belongs to the natural repertoire of motor behavior has been studied. Displacements have been related to EMG in the lower limb when taking off and landing from a jump down (45 cm) onto two surfaces of differing compliance in two populations of teenage girls: skilled and unskilled. To evaluate(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine the specific changes occurring in the power spectrum with an increasing force level during isometric contractions. Surface electromyographic signals of the triceps brachii (TB) and the anconeus (AN) of 29 normal subjects were recorded during isometric ramp contractions performed from 0 to 100% of the maximum(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether tango dancing is as effective as mindfulness meditation in reducing symptoms of psychological stress, anxiety and depression, and in promoting well-being. DESIGN This study employed analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and multiple regression analysis. PARTICIPANTS Ninety-seven people with self-declared depression were(More)
Tango-dancing and walking programs are compared in nondemented seniors at risk for falls. Fallers (N = 30) age 62-91 were randomly assigned to a 10-wk (40 hr, 2 hr 2x/wk) tango class or walk group. The Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale, sit-to-stand scores, and normal and fast walk were measured pre-, post-, and 1 month postintervention.(More)
This study investigated how the dancer's level of expertise and the type of auditory guidance provided influence the kinematic profile of the lower limbs during traditional dance performance. Ten experts in traditional Greek dance (age: 25±3.29 years, five males and five females) and eleven novice participants (age: 26.45±3.88 years, six males and five(More)