Patricia A McKinley

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BACKGROUND There is growing evidence of the involvement of executive control in the maintenance of balance in old age. We examined whether healthy older adults who completed five sessions of nonmotor cognitive dual-task training would show significant improvements on measures of dual-task standing balance and mobility, compared with an untrained control(More)
(1) The fine details of the motor organization of the forelimb, face, and tongue representation of the baboon (Papio h. anubis) primary motor cortex were studied in four adult animals, using intracortical microstimulation (ICMS). (2) A total of 293 electrode penetrations were made. ICMS was delivered to 10,052 sites, and of these, 6,186 sites were verified(More)
Sensori-motor development and performance of daily living skills (DLS) remain little explored in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The objective of this study was to determine the impact of sensori-motor skills on the performance of DLS in preschool children with ASD. Thirty-five children, 3-4 years of age, were recruited and assessed with a(More)
When adults reach to grasp stationary targets, movement kinematics (endpoint trajectories, interjoint coordination) are highly stereotyped and stable. The emergence of an optimal coordination for reaching involves mastering the redundant number of degrees of freedom while the body grows. Reaching has been well studied in healthy children under the age of 3(More)
This study investigated the modulation of prelanding muscle activity with normal or perturbed vision under conditions where jump height was known or unknown. Lower leg electromyography (EMG) was monitored while subjects jumped from a constant (0.45 m) or variable (0.35-0.55 m) heights when vision was unaltered or perturbed by a strobe light, blackened(More)
Prelanding EMG responses in elbow flexors and extensors were assessed during landing from jump-downs (0.6, 0.8, and 1.0 m) in normal blindfolded cats and labyrinthectomized cats with and without vision occluded. Jump-down conditions determined the strategy of response elicited in the normal cat. When the height could be anticipated by the blindfolded(More)
Forces and displacements at the elbow joint have been related to EMG responses of flexor and extensor muscles during landing from jump downs at heights of 1.2 m to 0.6 m in five cats. Prelanding EMG activity consisted of two prelanding extensor bursts. Onset of both bursts was constant across all jump heights with reference to landing and not to take-off,(More)
Human subjects attempted to modify their vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) in the dark by fixating imagined targets while experiencing predictable (SIN) sinusoidal (0.01-2.5 Hz) and unpredictable (SSN) sum of sines rotational stimuli (0.02-1.9 Hz). Modification was attempted under 2 instructional sets: VOR enhancement, ie tracking an imaginary earth-fixed(More)
Primary somatosensory cortex was mapped in chronic spinal cats that were spinalized (T12) at two weeks and 6 weeks of age. The magnitude of cortical reorganization is age-dependent. In cats spinalized at two weeks, extensive reorganization of the deafferented hindlimb region resulted in a second complete map of intact tactile input from the trunk and(More)
AIM The determination of rehabilitation effectiveness in children with cerebral palsy (CP) depends on the metric properties of the outcome measure. We evaluated the reliability of kinematic measures of functional upper limb reaching movements in children with CP. METHOD Thirteen children (ten females, three males) with spastic hemiplegic, diplegic, or(More)