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Analysis of microbial community structure in complex environmental samples using nucleic acid techniques requires efficient unbiased DNA extraction procedures; however, humic acids and other contaminants complicate the isolation of PCR-amplifiable DNA from compost and other organic-rich samples. In this study, combinations of DNA extraction and purification(More)
Based on previously published hydroponic plant, planktonic bacterial, and soil microbial community research, manufactured nanomaterial (MNM) environmental buildup could profoundly alter soil-based food crop quality and yield. However, thus far, no single study has at once examined the full implications, as no studies have involved growing plants to full(More)
Little is known about the fluids or the microbial communities present within potentially vast hydrothermal reservoirs contained in still-hot volcanic ocean crust beneath the flanks of the mid-ocean ridge. During Alvin dives in 2002, organic material attached to basalt was collected at low, near-ambient temperatures from an abyssal hill fault scarp in 0.5 Ma(More)
The extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) of bacterial biofilms form a hydrated barrier between cells and their external environment. Better characterization of EPS could be useful in understanding biofilm physiology. The EPS are chemically complex, changing with both bacterial strain and culture conditions. Previously, we reported that Pseudomonas(More)
Soil drying and rewetting represents a common physiological stress for the microbial communities residing in surface soils. A drying–rewetting cycle may induce lysis in a significant proportion of the microbial biomass and, for a number of reasons, may directly or indirectly influence microbial community composition. Few studies have explicitly examined the(More)
Advances in the study of the environmental fate, transport, and ecotoxicological effects of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) have been hampered by a lack of adequate techniques for the detection and quantification of ENMs at environmentally relevant concentrations in complex media. Analysis of ENMs differs from traditional chemical analysis because both(More)
We quantified the effects of matric and solute waterpotential on toluene biodegradation by Pseudomonasputida mt-2, a bacterial strain originally isolated fromsoil. Across the matric potential range of 0 to – 1.5 MPa,growth rates were maximal for P. putida at – 0.25MPa and further reductions in the matric potentialresulted in concomitant reductions in growth(More)
We investigated the conditions promoting toluene biodegradation for gasoline-contaminated near-surface (0.6 m depth) and subsurface (4.7 to 5.0 m depth) vadose zone soils sampled from an arid environment. At both depths, water addition was required for toluene biodegradation to occur. In near-surface samples, no inorganic nutrient addition was necessary and(More)
The sewage-associated real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) assays BacHum and HF183 SYBR were compared for specificity against local fecal sources. Both assays were equally sensitive to sewage, but BacHum showed substantially more false-positive results for cat, dog, gull, and raccoon feces.
Chromium-contaminated soils threaten surface and groundwater quality at many industrial sites. In vadose zones, indigenous bacteria can reduce Cr(VI) to Cr(III), but the subsequent fate of Cr(III) and the roles of bacterial biofilms are relatively unknown. To investigate, we cultured Pseudomonas putida, a model organism for vadose zone bioremediation, as(More)