Patricia A Campbell

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BACKGROUND Following the reintroduction of metal-on-metal articulating surfaces for total hip arthroplasty in Europe in 1988, we developed a surface arthroplasty prosthetic system using a metal-on-metal articulation. The present study describes the clinical and radiographic results of the first 400 hips treated with metal-on-metal hybrid surface(More)
BACKGROUND Pseudotumor-like periprosthetic tissue reactions around metal-on-metal (M-M) hip replacements can cause pain and lead to revision surgery. The cause of these reactions is not well understood but could be due to excessive wear, or metal hypersensitivity or an as-yet unknown cause. The tissue features may help distinguish reactions to high wear(More)
BACKGROUND Metal-on-metal bearing surfaces have been reintroduced for use during total hip replacement. To assess tissue reactions to various types of articulations, we studied the histological appearance of periprosthetic tissues retrieved from around metal-on-metal and metal-on-polyethylene total hip replacements and compared these findings with the(More)
We examined the relationships between the serum levels of chromium and cobalt ions and the inclination angle of the acetabular component and the level of activity in 214 patients implanted with a metal-on-metal resurfacing hip replacement. Each patient had a single resurfacing and no other metal in their body. All serum measurements were performed at a(More)
Osteolysis induced by ultra high molecular weight polyethylene wear debris is one of the primary factors limiting the lifespan of total hip replacements. Crosslinking polyethylene is known to improve its wear resistance in certain industrial applications, and crosslinked polyethylene acetabular cups have shown improved wear resistance in two clinical(More)
Introduction etal-on-metal bearings for hip replacement are gaining popularity as an alternative to the most widely used bearing couple of metal on polyethylene. The recent resurgence of hip resurfacing with the socalled third and fourth generations of hip resurfacing arthroplasty devices has played a substantial role in the wider use of metal-on-metal(More)
We have reviewed 42 patients who had revision of metal-on-metal resurfacing procedures, mostly because of problems with the acetabular component. The revisions were carried out a mean of 26.2 months (1 to 76) after the initial operation and most of the patients (30) were female. Malpositioning of the acetabular component resulted in 27 revisions, mostly(More)
Background: Energized dissection systems facilitate laparoscopic dissection and hemostasis and reduce instrument traffic. However, they can introduce undesirable thermal collateral/proximity damage to adjacent structures mainly by heat conduction, although other mechanisms may be involved. The latest generation devices have the potential to reduce the(More)
The less intense tissue reaction around metal on metal total hip replacements (THRs) compared to metal on polyethylene (PE) THRs may be explained by the differences in the characteristics of metal wear particles. In this study, transmission electron microscopy was used to study metal wear particles that were either in situ in cells or had been extracted(More)
Loosening of joint replacement components is often multifactorial. The quality of initial fixation is very important to the outcome of the arthroplasty and is often a factor in short-term and long-term failure. This paper discusses another important factor of implant loosening, namely wear debris induced osteolysis. Macrophages activated by the phagocytosis(More)