Patrice Simard

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BACKGROUND Concurrent infection with HIV and human papillomavirus (HPV) in women is associated with increased rates of cervical dysplasia and shorter survival following the development of cervical cancer. The authors examined risk factors for HPV infection at study entry in HIV-positive women enrolled in the Canadian Women's HIV Study, a prospective open(More)
A population-based cohort study design was used to estimate persistence rate, re-initiation rate after discontinuation, and adherence level among incident users of oral antidiabetics (OADs), and to investigate predictors of non-persistence and non-adherence. Incident OAD users were identified using healthcare databases of residents covered by the public(More)
This paper reviews the predictors used to identify children and adolescents at high risk of developing dental caries. They are presented with their degree of association with caries, their validity as screening tests and their methods of determination. The most promising predictors are identified and caries prediction models are also briefly reviewed. The(More)
A clinical field trial was conducted, over a 2-yr period, to evaluate the efficacy of bi-annual APF gel topical applications without previous prophylaxis in reducing dental caries among high-risk children living in non-fluoridated communities. 488 children 6 yr old, presenting at least three cavities on proximal surfaces of their primary teeth, were(More)
A study was carried out in Montreal (Canada) to predict caries development over the period of one year in primary teeth of kindergarten children (mean age 5 years 8 months +/- 4 months) living in a non-fluoridated area. The 302 children were examined at school on two occasions, one year apart. At the first examination selected predictors were collected:(More)
Several factors affecting the amount of fluoride ingested during toothbrushing by 2- to 7-year-old children were investigated. The specific purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of age, the amount of dentifrice used, and rinsing after brushing to the variation in the ingestion of fluoride dentifrice. Four hundred and five children brushed(More)
Through the fluoridation of drinking water, fluorides are becoming an increasing part of the human environment in industrialized countries. Fluoridated toothpastes are widely used in the United States and Canada. The younger a subject is, the greater proportion of toothpaste he or she tends to swallow.
The amount of dentifrice used and ingested on three occasions by a group of 48 children aged between 3 and 5 years was measured. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the variability in the amount of dentifrice used and ingested. The quantity of toothpaste ingested was derived from the differences between the amounts used and rejected. On(More)