Patrice Polard

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The delivery of a ring-shaped hexameric helicase onto DNA is a fundamental step of DNA replication, conserved in all cellular organisms. We report the biochemical characterization of the bacterial hexameric replicative helicase DnaC of Bacillus subtilis with that of the two replication initiation proteins DnaI and DnaB. We show that DnaI and DnaB interact(More)
Natural bacterial transformation involves the internalization and chromosomal integration of DNA and has now been documented in ~80 species. Recent advances have established that phylogenetically distant species share conserved uptake and processing proteins but differ in the inducing cues and regulatory mechanisms that are involved. In this Review, we(More)
Natural transformation is a mechanism for genetic exchange in many bacterial genera. It proceeds through the uptake of exogenous DNA and subsequent homology-dependent integration into the genome. In Streptococcus pneumoniae, this integration requires the ubiquitous recombinase, RecA, and DprA, a protein of unknown function widely conserved in bacteria. To(More)
Primosomes are nucleoprotein assemblies designed for the activation of DNA replication forks. Their primary role is to recruit the replicative helicase onto single-stranded DNA. The "replication restart" primosome, defined in Escherichia coli, is involved in the reactivation of arrested replication forks. Binding of the PriA protein to forked DNA triggers(More)
The regulation of initiation of DNA replication is crucial to ensure that the genome is replicated only once per cell cycle. In the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis, the function of the YabA protein in initiation control was assigned based on its interaction with the DnaA initiator and the DnaN sliding clamp in the yeast two-hybrid and on the(More)
Initiation and re-initiation of chromosomal DNA replication in bacteria rely on divergent multiprotein assemblies, which direct the functional delivery of the replicative helicase on single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) at specific sites. These two processes are triggered either at the single chromosomal origin oriC or at arrested forks by the conserved DnaA and(More)
Cysteine and methionine availability influences many processes in the cell. In bacteria, transcription of the specific genes involved in the synthesis of these two amino acids is usually regulated by different mechanisms or regulators. Pathways for the synthesis of cysteine and methionine and their interconversion were experimentally determined for(More)
Phenotypes of Bacillus subtilis priA mutants suggest that they are deficient in the restart of stalled chromosomal replication forks. The presumed activity of PriA in the restart process is to promote the assembly of a multiprotein complex, the primosome, which functions to recruit the replication fork helicase onto the DNA. We have proposed previously that(More)
We have investigated the role of three IS911-specified proteins in transposition in vivo: the products of the upstream (OrfA) and downstream (OrfB) open reading frames, and a transframe protein (OrfAB) produced by -1 translational frameshifting between orfA and orfB. The production of OrfAB alone is shown to lead both to excision and to circularization of(More)
When supplied with high levels of the IS911-encoded transposase, IS911-based transposons can excise as circles in which the right and left terminal inverted repeats are abutted. Formation of the circle junction is shown here to create a promoter, p(junc), which is significantly stronger than the indigenous promoter, pIRL, and is also capable of driving(More)