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The rabbit cell line RL-5 was recently found to express only a single detectable major histocompatibility complex class I protein, in contrast to the multiple class I proteins expressed in cells of the mouse (K, D, and L) and human (A, B, and C). To clarify this difference in the rabbit major histocompatibility complex, we have begun an investigation of the(More)
The lambda x, a new mouse Ig lambda L chain, is produced by rearrangement of the V lambda x, J lambda 2, and C lambda 2 gene segments. The V lambda x amino acid sequence is as divergent to other V lambda as to Vk gene sequences. Additionally, its third hypervariable region (CDR3) is four amino acids longer than those of all other variable gene segments of(More)
The nucleocapsid (NC) of the rabies virus behaves as an exogenous superantigen (SAg) in humans. In the present report, we analyzed whether it is also a SAg in mice by studying the effect of NC on T cell receptor (TCR) V beta expression in BALB/c mice. Repeated injection of NC in newborn BALB/c mice led to a marked reduction by two- to sixfold of V beta 6(More)
Multiple sclerosis-associated retroviral element (MSRV) is a retroviral element, the sequence of which served to define the W family of human endogenous retroviruses. MSRV viral particles display proinflammatory activities both in vitro in human mononuclear cell cultures and in vivo in a humanized SCID mice model. To understand the molecular basis of such(More)
A retroviral element (MSRV) defining a family of genetically inherited endogenous retroviruses (HERV-W) has recently been characterized in cell cultures from patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). To address the possible relationship with MS, direct detection of circulating virion RNA was proposed but revealed technically difficult to perform in(More)
Human HLA class II gene probes were used to identify five distinct genes encoding the class II heavy chain (alpha chain) in the rabbit. The rabbit genes were defined by both mapping data and hybridization studies of genomic clones derived from the inbred B/J rabbit strain. Analysis of the clones by hybridization at graded stringencies indicated that one(More)
Studies of murine T cell receptor genes indicate that the VT beta repertoire, in contrast to the large VT alpha, VH, and VK repertoires, is limited to approximately 21 genes. Large differences between the various VT beta sequences allow classification into distinct subfamilies consisting of one or few members. The VT beta sequence of a gene, RTB92,(More)
Studies of rabbit major histocompatibility complex proteins have suggested that rabbits express only a single class I antigen, in contrast to most mouse strains (H-2K, D, and L) and man (HLA-A,-B, and -C), which express three. To explore the significance and the molecular basis of this apparent species difference, we have characterized the expressed class I(More)
The class I gene family of the rabbit consists of 8 to 12 members and includes a gene that is transcribed only in T cells and in lymphoid tissues containing T cells. A cDNA clone, pR27, was isolated from a cDNA library constructed using mRNA from the T cell line RL-5. The pR27 insert was 1.9 kb long and included sequences that correspond to class I exons 2,(More)
Based on the analysis of V alpha gene segment deletions in a panel of T lymphomas, we have constructed a map of the mouse T cell receptor alpha/delta region and assigned the relative position of 72 distinct V gene segments. Three major observations have emerged from such studies. First, members of a given V alpha subfamily are not organized in discrete(More)