Patrice Morlière

Learn More
In this work, we investigated the effect of inorganic phosphate (Pi) on the differentiation of monocyte/macrophage precursors into an "osteoclastic" phenotype, and we delineated the molecular mechanisms which could be involved in this phenomenon. This was achieved by stimulating human peripheral blood monocytic cells and RAW 264.7 monocyte-macrophage(More)
The kinetics of O2*- reaction with semi-oxidized tryptophan radicals in lysozyme, Trp*(Lyz) have been investigated at various pHs and conformational states by pulse radiolysis. The Trp*(Lyz) radicals were formed by Br2*- oxidation of the 3-4 exposed Trp residues in the protein. At pH lower than 6.2, the apparent bimolecular rate is about 2 x 10(8) M(-1)(More)
Cultured human skin fibroblasts from healthy donors were irradiated with 180 kJ.m-2 ultraviolet (UV) A (320-400 nm) and assayed for thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), taken as an indicator of lipid peroxidation. Antioxidant defenses, including total glutathione (GSH) levels, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx), and(More)
Intracellular photosensitiser localisation significantly influences the mechanism of response to photodynamic therapy (PDT), since the primary sites of damage are closely related to the specific sensitiser distribution. Foscan subcellular localisation in the MCF-7 human adenocarcinoma cell line has been studied by means of confocal microscopy and(More)
Tolyporphin (TP), a porphyrin extracted from cyanobacteria, was found to be a very potent photosensitizer of EMT-6 tumor cells grown both in vitro as suspensions or monolayers and in vivo in tumors implanted on the backs of C.B17/Icr severe combined immunodeficient mice. Thus, during photodynamic treatment (PDT) of EMT-6 tumor cells in vitro, the(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) plays a key role in the generation and progression of atherosclerosis, which might be considered as an inflammatory disease. The transcription factor NFAT(Nuclear Factor of Activated T cells) plays an important role in the control of cytokine genes involved in the inflammatory response. The effect of copper-oxidized(More)
The UVA irradiation of cultured human fibroblasts leads to the formation and to the release of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances in the supernatant. The major thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance is identified by fluorescence spectroscopy and HPLC, as malondialdehyde or malondialdehyde-forming substances under the thiobarbituric acid assay(More)
Human skin chronically exposed to UV light is known to accumulate iron and to have an increased ferritin content as compared to unexposed areas. Iron accumulation is also found in many inflammatory skin diseases. Cultured human fibroblasts loaded with iron by incubation with non-toxic concentrations of the ferric nitrilotriacetate complex have been(More)
Tryptamine, serotonin and tryptophan are readily oxidized during the Cu2+-catalyzed peroxidation of arachidonic acid (AA) at neutral pH and under certain experimental conditions which determine their relative susceptibility to oxidation. Thus, in AA micelles, fluorescence spectroscopy demonstrates that positively-charged indoles interact with(More)
Pyropheophorbide-a methyl ester (PPME) is a second generation of photosensitizers used in photodynamic therapy. We demonstrated that PPME photosensitization activated NF-kappaB transcription factor in colon cancer cells. Unexpectedly, this activation occurred in two separate waves, i.e. a rapid and transient one and a second slower but sustained phase. The(More)