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Intracellular photosensitiser localisation significantly influences the mechanism of response to photodynamic therapy (PDT), since the primary sites of damage are closely related to the specific sensitiser distribution. Foscan subcellular localisation in the MCF-7 human adenocarcinoma cell line has been studied by means of confocal microscopy and(More)
The epithelium's barrier function is crucial for maintaining homeostasis and preventing the passage of food antigens and luminal bacteria. This function is essentially subserved by tight junctions (TJs), multiprotein complexes located in the most apical part of the lateral membrane. Some gastrointestinal disease states are associated with elevated(More)
There are numerous studies concerning the effect of UVB light on skin cells but fewer on other skin components such as the interstitial fluid. This review highlights high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) as important targets of UVB in interstitial fluid. Tryptophan residues are the sole apolipoprotein residues absorbing solar UVB.(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type IIIB is a genetic deficiency of α-N-acetylglucosaminidase, inducing accumulation of partially degraded heparan sulfate (HS) oligosaccharides in tissues. In the central nervous system, this accumulation is associated with microglial activation, neurodegeneration, and oxidative stress. We have already shown that HS activates(More)
A slow, long range electron transfer (SLRET) in human serum albumin (HSA) is observed from an intact tyrosine (Tyr) residue to the neutral tryptophan (Trp) radical (Trp·) generated in pulse radiolysis. This radical is formed, at neutral pH, through oxidation with Br 2 ·− radical anions of the single Trp 214 present. The SLRET rate constant of ~0.2 s−1(More)
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