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The authors report a patient with mild mental retardation, autistic features, multiple vertebral malformations, and an unusual facial appearance who carries a de novo submicroscopic deletion of chromosome 2p16.3. The patient's deletion is approximately 320 kb in size and includes only the part of the NRXN1 gene that codes for the neurexin1alpha promoter and(More)
Methionine synthase catalyzes the remethylation of homocysteine to methionine in a methylcobalamin-dependent reaction. We used specific regions of homology within the methionine synthase sequences of several lower organisms to clone a human methionine synthase cDNA by a combination of RT-PCR and inverse PCR. The enzyme is 1265 amino acids in length and(More)
We used trio-based whole-exome sequencing to analyze two families affected by Weaver syndrome, including one of the original families reported in 1974. Filtering of rare variants in the affected probands against the parental variants identified two different de novo mutations in the enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2). Sanger sequencing of EZH2 in a third(More)
The cause of mental retardation in one-third to one-half of all affected individuals is unknown. Microscopically detectable chromosomal abnormalities are the most frequently recognized cause, but gain or loss of chromosomal segments that are too small to be seen by conventional cytogenetic analysis has been found to be another important cause. Array-based(More)
We report on a child with microcephaly, small facial and body size, and immune deficiency. The phenotype is consistent with Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS), with additional clinical manifestations and laboratory findings not reported heretofore. Most investigations, including the results of radiation-resistant DNA synthesis, concurred with the diagnosis of(More)
All-trans retinoic acid (tRA), a naturally occurring ligand of the nuclear retinoic acid receptors (RARs), induces differentiation of leukemic cells and clinical complete remission in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). This differentiation effect can also be seen in vitro in both fresh leukemic cells and in the unique permanent APL cell line,(More)
METHODS AND RESULTS We identified de novo submicroscopic chromosome 14q11.2 deletions in two children with idiopathic developmental delay and cognitive impairment. Vancouver patient 5566 has a approximately 200 kb deletion and Vancouver patient 8326 has a approximately 1.6 Mb deletion. The Database of Chromosomal Imbalance and Phenotype in Humans using(More)
This report describes a 4 year-old girl with history of hypotonia, developmental delay, and failure to thrive in infancy. She has cognitive impairment and multiple congenital anomalies, including Duane anomaly, Mondini malformation with associated deafness, external ear malformations, and atrial and ventricular septal defects. Array comparative genomic(More)
Linkage analysis with subsequent candidate gene sequencing is typically used to diagnose novel inherited syndromes. It is now possible to expedite diagnosis through the sequencing of all coding regions of the genome (the exome) or full genomes. We sequenced the exomes of four members of a family presenting with spondylo-epiphyseal dysplasia and retinitis(More)