Patrice Bracquart

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The one- and two-dimensional protein patterns of Streptococcus thermophilus PB18 in the exponential and stationary phases of growth were analysed. One-dimensional SDS-PAGE showed that a 16 kDa protein was overexpressed in stationary phase as well as 2 h after an acid shock, and that it was not expressed when the bacteria reached the stationary phase in(More)
Streptococcus thermophilus is widely used in food fermentations; it commonly suffers diverse stress challenges during manufacturing. This study investigated the cold shock response of S. thermophilus when the cell culture temperature shifted from 42°C to 15°C or 20°C. The growth of cells was affected more drastically after cold shock at 15°C than at 20°C.(More)
Streptococcus thermophilus is a lactic acid bacterium widely used for the production of fermented dairy products. The two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) protein profile was obtained from three independent analyses of 2-DE gels of soluble proteins of the strain PB18. About 270 spots were detected by silver staining and the average molecular weight and(More)
Streptococcus thermophilus PB18 can grow between 20° and 52°C and is resistant to various stresses such as heat, acidic or cold shock. During cold shock, a protein of 21.5 kDa was previously shown to be induced in S. thermophilus. In addition to its cold-shock induction, 2D-PAGE revealed that the 21.5-kDa protein was also expressed during the stationary(More)
The transport of branched-chain amino acids in Streptococcus thermophilus was energy dependent. The metabolic inhibitors of glycolysis and ATPase enzymes were active, but the proton-conducting uncouplers were not. Transport was optimal at temperatures of between 30 and 45 degrees C and at pH 7.0 for the three amino acids leucine, valine, and isoleucine; a(More)
Glutamic acid uptake in Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus was energy dependent, the source of energy and adaptation to sugar being important to efficiency of uptake. The disaccharides, lactose and sucrose, stimulated uptake, but cells grown in glucose were more active. Optimum temperature was approximately 40 degrees C and pH approximately 7.0.(More)
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