Many herbivorous insects have generalized diets over the species' entire geographical ranges but they function as specialists with restricted diets in local communities. Local feeding specialization can be produced by biochemical, behavioral, ecological, and evolutionary processes. Much evidence is incompatible with the widely held assumptions that diet… (More)
Many long-lived plants are known to prolong dormancy in response to abiotic stresses such as drought. We are unaware, however, of any reports of plants prolonging dormancy in response to biotic stresses such as herbivory. We monitored 140 putative Solidago missouriensis clones (hereafter ÔclonesÕ) ‡ 13 years before, during and after intense defoliation by… (More)
Experimental reduction of insect grazing pressures suggests that longterm, continuous feeding by phytophagous insects has severely depressed growth and productivity of subalpine Eucalyptus trees (measured by annual ring growth) for at least 25 years.