Patric Nelson

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IMPORTANCE In phase 2 studies, evolocumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody to PCSK9, reduced LDL-C levels in patients receiving statin therapy. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of evolocumab when used in combination with a moderate- vs high-intensity statin. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS Phase 3, 12-week, randomized, double-blind,(More)
BACKGROUND Evolocumab (AMG 145), a monoclonal antibody against proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), significantly reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in phase 2 studies of 12 weeks' duration. The longer-term efficacy and safety of PCSK9 inhibition remain undefined. METHODS AND RESULTS Of 1359 randomized and dosed patients(More)
OBJECT Seizures frequently accompany moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. Phenytoin and carbamazepine are effective in preventing early, but not late, posttraumatic seizures. In this study the authors compare the safety and effectiveness of valproate with those of short-term phenytoin for prevention of seizures following traumatic brain injury. (More)
BACKGROUND Exenatide is an adjunctive therapy for type 2 diabetes, and preliminary evidence suggests that its glucoregulatory effects may be similar in the absence of oral therapy. METHODS Study A was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 99 patients with type 2 diabetes that received either 10 microg twice-daily, 10 microg once-daily,(More)
We evaluated serial measurements of serum lipid levels in 68 patients aged 12.6±4.7 years undergoing treatment with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis/continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CAPD/CCPD). Fasting mean levels of triglycerides (TG) and cholesterol (C) were elevated above the 95th percentile of published normal values by 102% and 19%,(More)
BACKGROUND The control of hyperphosphatemia is a major clinical problem in patients with chronic renal failure receiving regular dialysis treatment. Despite continuing concern about aluminum toxicity, aluminum-containing antacids are still used in many of these patients as phosphate-binding agents. Although maximal acceptable doses of aluminum hydroxide(More)
OBJECTIVE In patients with long-standing type 1 diabetes, we investigated whether improved beta-cell function can be achieved by combining intensive insulin therapy with agents that may 1) promote beta-cell growth and/or limit beta-cell apoptosis and 2) weaken the anti-beta-cell autoimmunity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS For this study, 20 individuals(More)
BACKGROUND Exenatide is the first of a new class of agents known as incretin mimetics that are in development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Exenatide has been shown to reduce fasting and postprandial glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes, as well as provide sustained reductions in hemoglobin A 1c (HbA 1c). This study was designed to assess the(More)
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels are significantly associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk, and studies using interventions that lower LDL-C levels have been shown to reduce the risk of ASCVD events and mortality. Statin treatment is the current first-line therapy for lowering LDL-C and reducing ASCVD risk.(More)
A patient with carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome type 1b (CDGS1b) is reported. The patient presented at 5 months of age with failure to thrive, prolonged diarrhoea, hepatomegaly and elevated serum liver transaminases. Liver biopsy showed steatosis. A low serum albumin and elevated serum liver transaminases persisted throughout childhood during(More)