Patric Blackburn

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Glutathione reductase from trypanosomes and leishmanias, unlike glutathione reductase from other organisms, requires an unusual low molecular weight cofactor for activity. The cofactor was purified from the insect trypanosomatid Crithidia fasciculata and identified as a novel glutathione-spermidine conjugate,(More)
A soluble ribonuclease inhibitor from the human placenta has been purified 4000-fold by a combination of ion exchange and affinity chromatography. The inhibitor has been isolated in 45% yield (about 2 mg/placenta) as a protein that is homogeneous by sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis. In common with the inhibitors of pancreatic ribonuclease from(More)
A purified preparation of the nontoxic antimicrobial peptide, nisin (AMBICIN N), was used in the formulation of a germicidal sanitizer suitable for use on cow teats. The germicidal activity of the formulation against mastitis pathogens was measured on teat skin of live cows. The nisin-based formulation gave a mean log reduction of 3.90 against(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of nisin, an antimicrobial peptide, on the development of plaque and gingivitis in beagle dogs when compared with 0.12% chlorhexidine and a placebo. 16 female beagle dogs 1 year of age were brought to optimum gingival health by scaling, root planing and polishing. At the conclusion of the pretreatment phase,(More)
Earlier studies have shown that WR 2721 [H2N-(CH2)3-NH(CH2)2SPO3H2] is converted to its free thiol form, N-2-mercaptoethyl-1,3-diaminopropane (MDP), at the acidic pH of the stomach. MDP is a radioprotective compound and a mucolytic agent capable of decreasing sputum viscosity in the lungs of patients with cystic fibrosis. Conversion of WR 2721 and MDP to(More)
Eight 22-year-old Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr. trees growing in a Scottish forest were bent using a winch and cable. The shapes of the bent stems were modeled using the structural theory of a cantilever beam, with non-uniform stem taper and large deflections taken into account. The Young's modulus of elasticity for the stems was estimated to be 2.0-6.4(More)
Several specific modifications, both proteolytic and chemical, have been performed on RNase A. The ability of each of these RNase A derivatives to bind the human placental RNase inhibitor has been determined in competition binding assays. The interaction depends upon the native conformation of the enzyme. Loss of active site residues His-12 and His-119,(More)
3-N-Carboxymethyl-His-12 and 1-N-carboxymethyl-His-119-RNase A bind to the naturally occurring RNase inhibitor, isolated from human placenta, 1.3 and 3.6 times, respectively, more strongly than does native RNase A. Near-ultraviolet circular dichroism measurements indicate that the conformational change which occurs upon carboxymethylation of either of the(More)
The radioprotective compound WR2721 is a thiophosphate, which, when administered orally, is activated at the acid pH of the stomach to its free thiol (MDP). The free thiol is a mucolytic compound which acts via the reduction of disulfide bonds of mucin molecules. An equimolar mixture of MDP and cysteine, in urine at pH 6.0 and 37 degrees C, when oxidized by(More)