Patrícia Mendes de Souza

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Aspirin is a unique nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug; at high doses (aspirin(high), 1g), it is anti-inflammatory stemming from the inhibition of cyclooxygenase and proinflammatory signaling pathways including NF-kappaB, but is cardioprotective at lower doses (aspirin(low), 75 mg). The latter arises from the inhibition of thromboxane (Tx) B(2), a(More)
Mammalian Sterile20-like kinase 1 (Mst1) is a ubiquitously expressed serine/threonine kinase which represents a member of the rapidly expanding family of enzymes related to the yeast Sterile20 kinase. Although the physiological function of Mst1 and its role in intracellular signalling is still unclear, reports to date suggest that Mst1, similar to its yeast(More)
The role of p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, and extracellular-regulated protein kinase -1 and -2 in regulating constitutive apoptosis and interleukin (IL)-5-induced survival of human eosinophils have been investigated. Two populations of donors were identified whose eosinophils, in the absence of exogenous cytokines, underwent apoptosis at(More)
Studies were carried out with Cunninghamella elegans UCP/WFCC 0542 to evaluate the effects of an abundant supply of amino acids, asparagine and corn steep liquor associated with sucrose on the production of biomass and chitosan by submerged fermentation. The concentrations of the components of the culture medium which were determined by a 2³ full factorial(More)
Eosinophils have been implicated in allergic diseases, such as bronchial asthma, which is characterized by elevated eosinophil numbers in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and peripheral blood. Their accumulation and activation within the airway mucosa is thought to cause tissue injury, contraction of airway smooth muscle, and increased bronchial(More)
It has been speculated that the destruction of lung tissue, associated with several acute and chronic diseases, is in part mediated through apoptosis or programmed cell death. Thus, it has been shown that both increased endothelial/epithelial cell apoptosis and decreased cell death of inflammatory cells are associated with acute lung injury/acute(More)
Lipoxins (Lxs) and aspirin-triggered epi-Lxs (15-epi-LxA(4)) act through the ALX/FPRL1 receptor to block leukocyte trafficking, dampen cytokine/chemokine synthesis, and enhance phagocytic clearance of apoptotic leukocytes-key requisites for inflammatory resolution. Although studies using primarily inbred rodents have highlighted resolution as an active(More)
The aim of the present work was to study the cadmium effects on growth, ultrastructure and polyphosphate metabolism, as well as to evaluate the metal removal and accumulation by Cunninghamella elegans (IFM 46109) growing in culture medium. The presence of cadmium reduced growth, and a longer lag phase was observed. However, the phosphate uptake from the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Lung epithelial cells express pattern recognition receptors, which react to bacteria. We have evaluated the effect of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria on interleukin-8 (CXCL8) release from epithelial cells and the integrity of the epithelial barrier. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Primary cultures of human airway epithelial cells and(More)
We have examined the role of caspase-mediated cleavage of the Ste20-like kinases, mammalian sterile 20-like 1 and 2 (Mst1/Mst2), in the mechanism of human eosinophil and neutrophil apoptosis. Initial measurements of kinase activity, using myelin basic protein (MBP) as a substrate in "in-gel" renaturation assays, showed that constitutive eosinophil and(More)