Patrícia Ferreira

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Wood is a major pool of organic carbon that is highly resistant to decay, owing largely to the presence of lignin. The only organisms capable of substantial lignin decay are white rot fungi in the Agaricomycetes, which also contains non-lignin-degrading brown rot and ectomycorrhizal species. Comparative analyses of 31 fungal genomes (12 generated for this(More)
Wood is the main renewable material on Earth and is largely used as building material and in paper-pulp manufacturing. This review describes the composition of lignocellulosic materials, the different processes by which fungi are able to alter wood, including decay patterns caused by white, brown, and soft-rot fungi, and fungal staining of wood. The(More)
Brown-rot fungi such as Postia placenta are common inhabitants of forest ecosystems and are also largely responsible for the destructive decay of wooden structures. Rapid depolymerization of cellulose is a distinguishing feature of brown-rot, but the biochemical mechanisms and underlying genetics are poorly understood. Systematic examination of the P.(More)
Aryl-alcohol oxidase (AAO) is an extracellular flavoprotein providing the H2O2 required by ligninolytic peroxidases for fungal degradation of lignin, the key step for carbon recycling in land ecosystems. O2 activation by Pleurotus eryngii AAO takes place during the redox-cycling of p-methoxylated benzylic metabolites secreted by the fungus. Only Pleurotus(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors assessed the magnitude of discrepancy between patients' and caregivers' ratings of the patients' quality of life and sought to determine whether the discrepancies are associated with patient characteristics, caregiver characteristics, or the type of relationship between the patient and caregiver. METHODS A sample of 91 patients with(More)
Aryl-alcohol oxidase (AAO) is a FAD-containing enzyme in the GMC (glucose-methanol-choline oxidase) family of oxidoreductases. AAO participates in fungal degradation of lignin, a process of high ecological and biotechnological relevance, by providing the hydrogen peroxide required by ligninolytic peroxidases. In the Pleurotus species, this peroxide is(More)
Efficient lignin depolymerization is unique to the wood decay basidiomycetes, collectively referred to as white rot fungi. Phanerochaete chrysosporium simultaneously degrades lignin and cellulose, whereas the closely related species, Ceriporiopsis subvermispora, also depolymerizes lignin but may do so with relatively little cellulose degradation. To(More)
Aryl-alcohol oxidase (AAO), a flavoenzyme with unique spectral and catalytic properties that provides H2O2 for fungal degradation of lignin, has been successfully activated in vitro after Escherichia coli expression. The recombinant AAO (AAO*) protein was recovered from inclusion bodies of E. coli W3110 transformed with pFLAG1 containing the aao cDNA from(More)
Spectral and catalytic properties of the flavoenzyme AAO (aryl-alcohol oxidase) from Pleurotus eryngii were investigated using recombinant enzyme. Unlike most flavoprotein oxidases, AAO does not thermodynamically stabilize a flavin semiquinone radical and forms no sulphite adduct. AAO catalyses the oxidative dehydrogenation of a wide range of unsaturated(More)
Primary alcohol oxidation by aryl-alcohol oxidase (AAO), a flavoenzyme providing H(2) O(2) to ligninolytic peroxidases, is produced by concerted proton and hydride transfers, as shown by substrate and solvent kinetic isotope effects (KIEs). Interestingly, when the reaction was investigated with synthesized (R)- and (S)-α-deuterated p-methoxybenzyl alcohol,(More)