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Short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency is an inherited metabolic disorder biochemically characterized by tissue accumulation of ethylmalonic (EMA) and methylsuccinic (MSA) acids and clinically by severe neurological symptoms. In the present study we investigated the in vitro effects of EMA and MSA on the activity of creatine kinase (CK) in(More)
Short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (SCAD) deficiency is an inherited metabolic disorder biochemically characterized by tissue accumulation of predominantly ethylmalonic acid (EMA) and clinically by neurological dysfunction. In the present study we investigated the in vitro effects of EMA on the activity of the mitochondrial (Mi-CK) and cytosolic (Cy-CK)(More)
In the present work we investigated the in vitro effect of the branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) accumulating in maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) on some parameters of energy metabolism in cerebral cortex of rats. 14CO2 production from [1-14C]acetate, [1-5-14C]citrate and [U-14C]glucose, as well as glucose uptake by the brain were evaluated by incubating(More)
In the present study we investigated the effect of acute hyperprolinemia on some parameters of energy metabolism, including the activities of succinate dehydrogenase and cytocrome c oxidase and (14)CO(2) production from glucose and acetate in cerebral cortex of young rats. Lipid peroxidation determined by the levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive(More)
Tissue accumulation of ornithine (Orn), homocitrulline (Hcit), ammonia and orotic acid (Oro) is the biochemical hallmark of patients affected by hyperornithinemia-hyperammonemia-homocitrullinuria (HHH) syndrome, a disorder clinically characterized by neurological symptoms, whose pathophysiology is practically unknown. In the present study, we investigated(More)
Patients affected by maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) present severe neurological symptoms and brain abnormalities, whose pathophysiology is poorly known. In the present study we investigated the in vitro effects of leucine (Leu), alpha-ketoisocaproic acid (KIC) and alpha-hydroxyisovaleric acid (HIV), respectively, the branched-chain amino, keto and hydroxy(More)
Maple syrup urine disease is an inherited metabolic disease predominantly characterized by neurological dysfunction. However, the mechanisms underlying the neuropathology of this disease are still not defined. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acute and chronic administration of a branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) pool(More)
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder resulting from deficiency of branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex leading to branched chain amino acids (BCAA) leucine, isoleucine, and valine accumulation as well as their corresponding transaminated branched-chain α-keto acids. MSUD patients present neurological(More)
Tyrosinemia is a rare disease caused by a single mutation to the gene that code for the enzyme responsible for tyrosine catabolism. Because the mechanisms underlying the neurological dysfunction in hypertyrosinemic patients are poorly understood, we evaluated the in vitro and in vivo effect of l-tyrosine on the activities of the enzymes citrate synthase,(More)
Tyrosinemia is a rare genetic disease caused by mutations on genes that codify enzymes responsible for tyrosine metabolism. Considering that tyrosinemics patients usually present symptoms associated with central nervous system alterations that ranges from slight decreases in intelligence to severe mental retardation, we decided to investigate whether acute(More)