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Micropatterning techniques, such as photolithography and microcontact printing, provide robust tools for controlling the adhesive interactions between cells and their extracellular environment. However, the ability to modify these interactions in real time and examine dynamic cellular responses remains a significant challenge. Here we describe a novel(More)
Excitotoxicity is one of the main features responsible for neuronal cell death after acute brain injury and in several neurodegenerative disorders, for which only few therapeutic options are currently available. In this work, RNA interference was employed to identify and validate a potential target for successful treatment of excitotoxic brain injury, the(More)
BACKGROUND Kinetochores are large multiprotein complexes indispensable for proper chromosome segregation. Although Drosophila is a classical model organism for studies of chromosome segregation, little is known about the organization of its kinetochores. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We employed bioinformatics, proteomics and cell biology methods to(More)
Lamina associated polypeptide 1 (LAP1) is an integral protein of the inner nuclear membrane that is ubiquitously expressed. LAP1 binds to lamins and chromatin, probably contributing to the maintenance of the nuclear envelope architecture. Moreover, LAP1 also interacts with torsinA and emerin, proteins involved in DYT1 dystonia and X-linked Emery-Dreifuss(More)
The expression of cytochrome P450 genes directly within target cells is an important determinant of human susceptibility to cancers, birth defects, and other chemically initiated diseases. One pivotal gene, CYP1A1, codes for an inducible cytochrome P450 isozyme (P450IA1) responsible for the bioactivation of numerous carcinogenic polycyclic hydrocarbons and(More)
In this study we examined the differential hepatic expression of four phenobarbital (PB)-inducible rat cytochrome P450 genes, CYP2B1, CYP2B2, CYP2C6, and CYP3A1. The mRNAs encoding these cytochromes were analyzed in the liver with respect to PB responsiveness, developmental expression, and in situ localization. Utilization of the polymerase chain reaction(More)
Self-renewal and differentiation are fundamental stem cell fate decisions, which are essential for normal tissue development, homeostasis, and repair. Extracellular signals, including mechanical and biophysical forces, play an important role in directing the behaviour of a variety of stem and progenitor cells, and recent studies have provided new insights(More)
Adhesion to the extracellular matrix (ECM) and to adjacent cells is a fundamental requirement for survival, differentiation, and migration of numerous cell types during both embryonic development and adult homeostasis. Different types of adhesion structures have been classified within different cell types or tissue environments. Much is now known regarding(More)
Cell invasion through extracellular matrix (ECM) is a hallmark of the metastatic cascade. Cancer cells require adhesion to surrounding tissues for efficient migration to occur, which is mediated through the integrin family of receptors. Alterations in expression levels of β1 and β3 integrins have previously been reported in a number of human cancers.(More)