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The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of psychoactive drug and alcohol use among general drivers and predictors of the drug use in Thailand. One thousand six hundred and thirty-five motor vehicle drivers were randomly selected from five geographical regions of Thailand between December 2005 and May 2006. The prevalence of psychoactive(More)
BACKGROUND Selective thoracic fusion in type II curve has been recommended by King et al. since 1983. They suggested that care must be taken to use the vertebra that is neutral and stable so that the lower level of fusion is centered over the sacrum. Since then there has been the trend to do shorter and selective fusion of the major curve. This study was(More)
BACKGROUND Lumbar spondylolysis in young soccer players has not been studied extensively. PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to review lumbar spondylolysis in young soccer players, describe the causes, and report the results of nonoperative treatment emphasizing the cessation of activity for 3 months. STUDY DESIGN Case series; Level of evidence, 4.(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective clinical study with radiographic and medical chart review. OBJECTIVE To study the clinical characteristics and outcome of pediatric athletes with low back pain and unilateral tracer uptake on single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) at the pars interarticularis but no defect on radiographs. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to find out the accuracy of certain symptoms and examination findings that are used to diagnose meniscal injury associated with a torn anterior cruciate ligament. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study. MATERIAL AND METHOD The authors studied one hundred consecutive patients with anterior cruciate ligament(More)
AIM To investigate the effect of early surgical intervention on the high surgical risk elderly patients who sustained femoral neck fracture (FNF) and taking concomitant antiplatelet agents. METHODS Between 2010 and 2012, a prospective study was conducted on 49 geriatric patients, who took antiplatelet agents, sustained FNF and underwent surgery within 72(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between alcohol use, psychoactive drug use and road traffic injury (RTI). A case-control study was conducted among drivers in Bangkok, Thailand. Two hundred cases and 849 controls were enrolled between February and November 2006. Cases who sustained a RTI were matched with four controls recruited(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare the risk factors related to hip fracture between intertrochanteric fracture and femoral neck fracture in Thai men. MATERIAL AND METHOD The study was conducted in Bangkok and its vicinity from July 1997 to September 1998. The cases were recruited and matched with the controls by age and sex. Multilogit(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the total costs of hip fracture treatment subsequently incurred in 1 year MATERIAL AND METHOD A cohort study was conducted from January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2004. All new osteoporotic hip fracture patients were enrolled with informed consent. A total cost was estimated, and multivariate analysis was performed to determine factors(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen receptor-alpha single-nucleotide polymorphism (ER-alpha SNP) has previously shown its susceptibility to knee osteoarthritis (OA) but this association cannot be applied to ethnic groups with different genetic backgrounds. OBJECTIVE To characterize the genetic association between ER-alpha SNP and knee OA in the Thai. MATERIAL AND(More)