Patanjali Ravva

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To further optimize the voriconazole dosing in the pediatric population, a population pharmacokinetic analysis was conducted on pooled data from 112 immunocompromised children (2 to <12 years), 26 immunocompromised adolescents (12 to <17 years), and 35 healthy adults. Different maintenance doses (i.e., 3, 4, 6, 7, and 8 mg/kg of body weight intravenously(More)
Varenicline tartrate (Chantix®/Champix®) is a selective partial agonist of the α(4)β(2) nicotinic acetylcholine receptor and is approved as an aid to smoking cessation. The usual oral dosage in adults is 1 mg twice daily for 12 weeks, with an initial titration week. Several clinical pharmacology studies have characterized the pharmacokinetics of varenicline(More)
AIMS To characterize the population pharmacokinetics of varenicline and identify factors leading to its exposure variability in adult smokers. METHODS Data were pooled from nine clinical studies consisting of 1878 subjects. Models were developed to describe concentration-time profiles across individuals. Covariates were assessed using a full model(More)
Population exposure-response analyses involving approximately 2,000 cigarette smokers provided an integrated understanding of dose, exposure, patient characteristics, and response relating to the efficacy and tolerability of varenicline for smoking cessation. Full models with a linear function of area under the concentration-time curve at steady state(More)
BACKGROUND Varenicline is approved as an aid to smoking cessation in adults aged > or =18 years. OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to characterize the multiple-dose pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of varenicline in adolescent smokers. METHODS This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study enrolled(More)
The application of model-based meta-analysis in drug development has gained prominence recently, particularly for characterizing dose-response relationships and quantifying treatment effect sizes of competitor drugs. The models are typically nonlinear in nature and involve covariates to explain the heterogeneity in summary-level literature (or aggregate(More)
INTRODUCTION Varenicline has been shown to significantly reduce craving and several aspects of smoking reinforcement in clinical trials, compared with placebo. This is the first report describing the concentration-effect relationship of varenicline on relief of craving. METHODS The pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of a single 2mg dose of(More)
The purpose of this work was to present a consolidated set of guidelines for the analysis of uncontrolled concomitant medications (ConMed) as a covariate and potential perpetrator in population pharmacokinetic (PopPK) analyses. This white paper is the result of an industry-academia-regulatory collaboration. It is the recommendation of the working group that(More)
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