Pat Zanzonico

Learn More
PURPOSE Hypoxia is one of the main causes of the failure to achieve local control using radiotherapy. This is due to the increased radioresistance of hypoxic cells. (18)F-fluoromisonidazole ((18)F-FMISO) positron emission tomography (PET) is a noninvasive imaging technique that can assist in the identification of intratumor regions of hypoxia. The aim of(More)
BACKGROUND Metastatic thyroid cancers that are refractory to radioiodine (iodine-131) are associated with a poor prognosis. In mouse models of thyroid cancer, selective mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway antagonists increase the expression of the sodium-iodide symporter and uptake of iodine. Their effects in humans are not known. METHODS We(More)
Advanced human thyroid cancers, particularly those that are refractory to treatment with radioiodine (RAI), have a high prevalence of BRAF (v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1) mutations. However, the degree to which these cancers are dependent on BRAF expression is still unclear. To address this question, we generated mice expressing one of the(More)
Nanoparticle-based materials, such as drug delivery vehicles and diagnostic probes, currently under evaluation in oncology clinical trials are largely not tumor selective. To be clinically successful, the next generation of nanoparticle agents should be tumor selective, nontoxic, and exhibit favorable targeting and clearance profiles. Developing probes(More)
The potential of alpha-particle emitters to treat cancer has been recognized since the early 1900s. Advances in the targeted delivery of radionuclides and radionuclide conjugation chemistry, and the increased availability of alpha-emitters appropriate for clinical use, have recently led to patient trials of radiopharmaceuticals labeled with alpha-particle(More)
By taking advantage of the proximity to radioactive sentinel nodes and occult tumors achievable in an operative setting, intraoperative probes are becoming increasingly important in the surgical management of cancer. This article begins with a discussion of the statistical limitations of radiation detection and measurement and of the key performance(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to develop a clinically applicable noninvasive method to quantify changes in androgen receptor (AR) levels based on (18)F-16beta-fluoro-5alpha-dihydrotestosterone ((18)F-FDHT) PET in prostate cancer patients undergoing therapy. METHODS Thirteen patients underwent dynamic (18)F-FDHT PET over a selected tumor. Concurrent(More)
BACKGROUND Adenovirus (Ad) vector-mediated gene therapy strategies have emerged as promising modalities for the "biological revascularization" of tissues. We hypothesized that direct intramyocardial, as opposed to intracoronary, administration of an Ad vector coding for the vascular endothelial growth factor 121 cDNA (Ad(GV)VEGF121.10) would provide highly(More)
UNLABELLED 16 beta-fluoro-5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (FDHT) is a promising new PET radiopharmaceutical for the imaging of prostate cancer. A recent clinical trial provided the opportunity for refinement of normal-tissue radiation-absorbed dose estimates based on quantitative PET. The objective of the current study was to derive estimates of normal-tissue(More)
PURPOSE To compare two potential positron emission tomography (PET) tracers of tumor hypoxia in an animal model. METHODS AND MATERIALS The purported hypoxia imaging agents (18)F-fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) and (64)Cu(II)-diacetyl-bis(N4-methylthiosemicarbazone) (Cu-ATSM) were compared by serial microPET imaging of Fisher-Copenhagen rats bearing the(More)