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This article discusses Bowlby's development of an ethological-evolutionary perspective, and its implications for psychotherapy with adults. According to Bowlby, attachment behavior is instinctive, having emerged throughout the course of evolution to ensure protection and actual survival. Because the environment affects how attachment behavior unfolds,(More)
Using an ethological framework of attachment developed by Bowlby and the social provisions of relationships delineated by Weiss, this article explores the ways in which family pets, in particular dogs and cats, provide certain components of attachment that contribute to emotional and social well-being throughout the life cycle. Pets may supply ongoing(More)
  • P Sable
  • The American journal of orthopsychiatry
  • 1989
Using a conceptual framework of attachment, an interview study of 81 women whose spouses had died indicated that anxiety and fear are prevalent throughout the first three years of bereavement. In addition, those women identified as anxiously attached in their relationships reported a more distressful adjustment. Implications of the findings are discussed.
This paper proposes that attachment theory, with its emphasis on stability and security, accentuates the positive aspects of affectional relationships and suggests a way to look at the process of adult psychotherapy. Attachment-based research has shown that positive attachment experiences are related to feelings of joy, comfort, and contentment throughout(More)
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