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Novel 2,4-diaminopyrimidine-based small molecule renin inhibitors are disclosed. Through high throughput screening, parallel synthesis, X-ray crystallography, and structure based drug design, we have developed the first non-chiral, non-peptidic, small molecular template to possess moderate potency against renin. The designed compounds consist of a novel… (More)
We report the design and synthesis of a series of 6-(2,4-diaminopyrimidinyl)-1,4-benzoxazin-3-ones as orally bioavailable small molecule inhibitors of renin. Compounds with a 2-methyl-2-aryl substitution pattern exhibit potent renin inhibition and good permeability, solubility, and metabolic stability. Oral bioavailability was found to be dependent on… (More)
This study is based on a simple chemical interaction of peroxynitrite (OONO-) and luminol, which produces blue light upon oxidation. Since peroxynitrite has a half-life of less than 1 s, a drug known as SIN-1 is used as a peroxynitrite generator. In addition peroxynitrite itself was used directly with a fast injection-mixing system to ascertain whether… (More)
A systematic investigation of the S3 sub-pocket activity requirements was conducted. It was observed that linear and sterically small side chain substituents are preferred in the S3 sub-pocket for optimal renin inhibition. Polar groups in the S3-sub-pocket were not well tolerated and caused a reduction in renin inhibitory activity. Further, compounds with… (More)
We report the discovery of a novel series of spiroindoline-based inhibitors of Sky kinase that bind in the ATP-binding site and exhibit high levels of kinome selectivity through filling the Ala571-subpocket. These inhibitors exhibit moderate oral bioavailability in the rat due to low absorption across the gut wall.
Severe sepsis is a common cause of admission to the intensive care unit and is associated with a high hospital mortality. This audit explored the current use of, and attitudes towards, recombinant activated protein C therapy across Scotland, and compared these with current guidance. Patients with severe sepsis were followed for three days. Consideration… (More)