Pat McConnell

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Standard parasagittal lesions were placed stereotactically in the cerebral hemispheres of neonatal and adult rats in order to compare scarring in the immature and mature animal. Lesions were examined by light and electron-microscopy and immunofluorescence to study the astrocyte reaction, collagen deposition, and the formation of the basement membrane of the(More)
The Achilles tendon is one of the most common sites of injury and rupture as a result of overuse. Evidence suggests that the pathogenesis of rupture could involve the pattern of its blood supply. With use of angiographic and histological techniques, the blood supply of the Achilles tendon was investigated in 12 human cadaveric specimens. Angiography(More)
The variations which occur in the medial and lateral ligament complexes of the elbow were investigated. These occurred frequently with the standard appearances occurring in no more than half the specimens on the medial side and one quarter of those on the lateral side. Surgeons who regularly perform elbow arthroplasty must be aware of these considerations,(More)
The effects of undernutrition on the developing cerebellum were studied in 30-day-old rats undernourished from birth by restricting access to the lactating mother. These animals showed a significant reduction in cerebellar weight when compared with well-nourished controls. Quantitative studies of the cerebellar vermis revealed a 34.2% reduction in total(More)
Rat pups, suckled by mothers maintained after parturition on a diet containing 4% lead acetate, were killed at 30 days and their cerebella examined. The blood lead was greatly increased in these animals (258.20 +/- 6.72 micrograms/100 ml) as compared with controls (4.75 +/- 0.75 micrograms/100 ml) and their mean body weight was reduced by 28%. Cerebellar(More)
It is generally accepted that most axons in the mammalian CNS show only transient growth in response to injury, and numerous hypotheses have been advanced to account for this phenomenon. Detailed knowledge of the time-course and extent of this so-called 'abortive regeneration' is, however, surprisingly lacking. The retina of the adult albino mouse provides(More)
This study is based on a simple chemical interaction of peroxynitrite (OONO-) and luminol, which produces blue light upon oxidation. Since peroxynitrite has a half-life of less than 1 s, a drug known as SIN-1 is used as a peroxynitrite generator. In addition peroxynitrite itself was used directly with a fast injection-mixing system to ascertain whether(More)
The hypothesis that regenerative failure of axons in the adult mammalian CNS is due to release of a growth inhibitor from injured oligodendrocytes and/or myelin2, predicts that regeneration of injured fibers would proceed unchecked in unmyelinated CNS regions. This prediction was borne out by observations on the stratum opticarum of the mouse retina. Axonal(More)