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OBJECTIVES To explore how general practitioners operate the sickness certification system, their views on the system, and suggestions for change. DESIGN Qualitative focus group study consisting of 11 focus groups with 67 participants. SETTING General practitioners in practices in Glasgow, Tayside, and Highland regions, Scotland. SAMPLE Purposive(More)
The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement is a guideline designed to improve the transparency and quality of the reporting of randomised controlled trials (RCTs). In this article we present an extension to that statement for randomised pilot and feasibility trials conducted in advance of a future definitive RCT. The checklist(More)
OBJECTIVE To improve understanding of how first time mothers who belong to a socioeconomic group with particularly low rates of breast feeding decide whether or not to initiate breast feeding. DESIGN Qualitative semistructured interviews early in pregnancy and 6-10 weeks after birth. SETTING Women's homes in east end of London. SUBJECTS 21 white, low(More)
OBJECTIVE: To look at how communication by health professionals about infant feeding is perceived by first time mothers. DESIGN: Qualitative semi-structured interviews early in pregnancy and 6-10 weeks after birth. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Twenty-one white, low income women expecting their first baby were interviewed mostly at home, often with their partner or(More)
OBJECTIVE This study looked look at the role of the GP as a qualitative research interviewer and aimed to illustrate areas of methodological difficulty using personal observations made during a qualitative study in general practice. METHODS AND RESULTS The recently published literature on qualitative research in general practice was reviewed by the author(More)
BACKGROUND Studies reporting one-to-one peer support interventions have been successful in some countries with high breastfeeding initiation rates, but less so in Great Britain, where low uptake of peer support has occurred. We conducted a peer coaching intervention study in rural Scotland that improved breastfeeding initiation and duration. This study(More)
BACKGROUND Breastfeeding initiation in Scotland in 2000 was 63 percent, compared with over 90 percent in Norway and Sweden. Although peer support is effective in improving exclusivity of breastfeeding in countries where over 80 percent of women initiate breastfeeding, the evidence for effectiveness in countries with lower initiation is uncertain. Our(More)
BACKGROUND Systematic reviews often investigate the effectiveness of interventions for one sex. However, identifying interventions with data presented according to the sex of study participants can be challenging due to suboptimal indexing in bibliographic databases and poor reporting in titles and abstracts. The purposes of this study were to develop a(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the infant feeding experiences of women and their significant others from pregnancy until 6 months after birth to establish what would make a difference. DESIGN Qualitative serial interview study. SETTING Two health boards in Scotland. PARTICIPANTS 72 of 541 invited pregnant women volunteered. 220 interviews approximately(More)